Arts: Journal Articles

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  • ItemOpen Access
    Abortion counselling controversies and the precarious role of social work: Research and reflections from Aotearoa New Zealand
    (2023) Meadows, Letitia
    INTRODUCTION: This article presents debates and controversies about counselling within abortion provision in Aotearoa New Zealand. Formal and informal counselling networks are described, where the role of social workers as providers of counselling services is precarious. Insights consider how service users may be more holistically supported when accessing abortion care. METHODS: Drawing on findings from a broader qualitative research project involving 52 participant interviews, formal and informal observation of practices, and analysis of service documentation, the concept of boundary objects by Star and Griesemer (1989) is taken up to account for diverse abortion counselling practices that occur in multiple but connected social worlds. Revisiting these findings in the context of current abortion legislation and developments, a Reproductive Justice (RJ) lens is used to inform the implications for service users and social work practice. FINDINGS: Past and present efforts within legislation, policy, and practice guidelines to standardise abortion counselling have not prevented different versions of counselling from being enacted by social workers, counsellors, nurses, medical practitioners, staff of community agencies, and crisis pregnancy services. This has resulted in the practice and the term counselling being contested. Participant accounts and observations revealed that multiple disciplines offer counselling practices while social work remains poorly integrated into service provision. CONCLUSION: This article employs the concept of boundary objects to account for how variations of counselling have been enacted and disputed. The addition of a reproductive justice (RJ) lens with its attention to social justice is used to appreciate recent advances in access to abortion services alongside arguing for enriched care practices and the value of social work in supporting the integrated well-being and agency of service users.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Reinvestigating social vulnerability from the perspective of Critical Disaster Studies (CDS): directions, opportunities and challenges in Aotearoa disaster research
    (Informa UK Limited, online-publication-date) Uekusa, Shinya; Wynyard , Matthew; Matthewman , Steve
    This article argues that resilience has been overemphasised in popular and scholarly discourse, while social vulnerability has been comparatively overlooked. We therefore need to shift the focus from resilience and adaptation towards vulnerability and the various structures that engender and maintain systemic inequality and disadvantage. This necessitates a shift from strict hazard management and resilience building to considerations of social justice. People should not have to be resilient to ongoing marginalisation and stigmatisation, and, in focusing on individual resilience, systemic disadvantage is obscured. Disaster scholars here must also reckon with the structural violence of colonisation. Aotearoa New Zealand has a unique hazard profile, and it has unique social infrastructures that can help deal with them. The best disaster mitigation and recovery programmes are inclusive and equity driven. Greater attention to Indigenous Knowledge – Mātauranga Māori – and Indigenous institutions, such as marae and the myriad relationships and connections that such institutions support, might potentially play a crucial role in future disaster mitigation and response.
  • ItemOpen Access
    The Political Case for a New Zealand-US Free Trade Agreement
    (2023) Khoo N, Nicholas; Tan, Alex
  • ItemOpen Access
    What stops Australian teenagers reading for pleasure?
    (2023) Reddan B, Bronwyn; Rutherford , Leonie; Johanson K, Katya; Matheson, Donald
    Reading for pleasure is associated with a range of educational, social, cognitive, and personal benefits for young people. The Australian Research Council Linkage project, Discovering a ‘Good Read’: Cultural Pathways to Reading for Australian Teens in a Digital Age, maps and analyses the network of influences that shape young people’s reading practices to develop evidence-based strategies that increase teenagers’ participation in recreational reading. This article reports on research findings about the structural barriers that contribute to the decline in recreational reading by Australian teenagers. It identifies five factors that stop teenagers reading (time, identity, attention, motivation, and supply) and three areas of focus for school leaders who want to support recreational reading (mindset, leadership, and collaboration).
  • ItemOpen Access
    Bringing friends onboard? The conundrum of decoupling and de-risking
    (Institute for Indo-Pacific Affairs, 2023) Tan, Alex; Vanvari N
    Since the G7 Summit at the end of May 2023, ‘de-risking’ has entered the jargon in the evolving debates about great power competition and the intensification of the US-China rivalry. Initially used by European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen in March 2023, she stated that “Our relations are not black or white – and our response cannot be either. This is why we need to focus on de-risk, not decouple”. The term has increasingly been used by US officials such as National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan to describe US policy towards China.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Betting On India: What History Tells Us That Snapshots Don’t
    (Institute for Indo-Pacific Affairs, 2023) Tan, Alex; Vanvari N
  • ItemOpen Access
    On the Continuum Fallacy: Is Temperature a Continuous Function?
    (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2023) Montelle, Clemency; Jha, Aditya; Campbell, Douglas; Wilson, Phillip
    It is often argued that the indispensability of continuum models comes from their empirical adequacy despite their decoupling from the microscopic details of the modelled physical system. There is thus a commonly held misconception that temperature varying across a region of space or time can always be accurately represented as a continuous function. We discuss three inter-related cases of temperature modelling — in phase transitions, thermal boundary resistance and slip flows — and show that the continuum view is fallacious on the ground that the microscopic details of a physical system are not necessarily decoupled from continuum models. We show how temperature discontinuities are present in both data (experiments and simulations) and phenomena (theory and models) and how discontinuum models of temperature variation may have greater empirical adequacy and explanatory power. The conclusions of our paper are: a) continuum idealisations are not indispensable to modelling physical phenomena and both continuous and discontinuous representations of phenomena work depending on the context; b) temperature is not necessarily a continuously defined function in our best scientific representations of the world; and c) that its continuity, where applicable, is a contingent matter. We also raise a question as to whether discontinuous representations should be considered truly de-idealised descriptions of physical phenomena.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Decolonising journalism in Aotearoa New Zealand: Using a Tiriti-led framework for news practice
    (2023) Ross, Tara
    In 2020, newspaper conglomerate and owner of Aotearoa New Zealand’s largest news website, Stuff, issued an historic public apology for its racist portrayal of Indigenous Māori after an internal investigation showed it had contributed to stigma, marginalisation and stereotypes against Māori. This study explores what has changed since Stuff’s apology and, by deploying an analytical framework grounded in Māori worldviews and Te Tiriti o Waitangi (the founding treaty signed between Māori and British colonisers), demonstrates how an Indigenous lens can help news organisations better identify and rethink Western-centric journalistic norms to develop more inclusive and equitable practice. The study analyses Stuff’s then largest newspaper, The Press, via a content analysis of two constructed weeks, one before Stuff’s apology (n=480 articles) and another post-apology (n=430 articles), along with a topic modelling analysis of 5091 articles published between 2016 and 2021. Analysis grounded in Kaupapa Māori and te Tiriti shows some improvement in news coverage – as well as opportunities for more equitable representation by incorporating Indigenous tikanga (custom) in reporting practice. It also finds ongoing problems, indicating more fundamental and transformative action is needed for news media organisations to meet their commitments to anti-racism and de-Westernising the field.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Donna Awatere on Whiteness in New Zealand: Theoretical Contributions and Contemporary Relevance
    (Auckland University of Technology (AUT) Library, 2023) Norris AN; De Saxe J; Cooper, Garrick
    In June 2022, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern designated the US-based neo-fascist groups The Base and the Proud Boys as terrorist organisations. This designation marks one of the few times white supremacy entered the national political discourse in New Zealand. Discourses of whiteness are mostly theorised in the North American context. However, Donna Awatere’s 1984 examination of White Cultural Imperialism (WCI) in her book Māori Sovereignty advanced an analysis of whiteness in New Zealand that has received limited scholarly attention and is essentially unexplored. This paper reintroduces Awatere’s conceptualisation of WCI. It offers core tenets of WCI and theoretical insights into contemporary discussions of white supremacy that move beyond the focus of individuals and groups to a broader national framework of New Zealand. Two interrelated features of WCI, as defined by Awatere, are the minimisation and normalisation of whiteness and white racial hostility – inherent features that maintain, protect, and reproduce the white institutionalised body as the primary beneficiary of Western European domination that will always thwart Indigenous sovereignty and equality. This paper concludes that Awatere’s articulation of WCI links whiteness in the New Zealand context to the broader network of global white supremacy that offers insight into contemporary criminal justice scholarship.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Ideological Congruence and Satisfaction with Democracy: Case Studies of Australia and New Zealand
    (2022) Tsai C-H; Tan, Alex
    A growing body of studies has examined the ideological congruence between citizens and political parties and found that those citizens whose ideology close to the winning party tend to be satisfied with democracy in their country. We extend the causal story of ideological congruence and satisfaction with democracy to Australia and New Zealand. In addition to testing for the direct effect of various socio-psychological factors on citizen satisfaction, we investigate whether the effect of ideological congruence is more significant in specific political system. We find that ideological congruence is likely to have a larger impact on satisfaction with democracy in New Zealand. Our empirical evidence confirms the extant literature but also suggests that ideological closeness matters most with political system that prioritizes representation. This result implies the contextual effect of majoritarian and proportional systems on the functioning of democracy.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Proto-Lexicon Size and Phonotactic Knowledge are Linked in Non-Māori Speaking New Zealand Adults
    (Open Library of the Humanities, 2023) Hay J; Panther, Forrest Andrew; Mattingley, Wakayo; Todd, Simon; King, Jeanette
    Most people in New Zealand are exposed to the Māori language on a regular basis, but do not speak it. It has recently been claimed that this exposure leads them to create a large proto-lexicon, consisting of implicit memories of words and word parts, without semantic knowledge. This yields sophisticated phonotactic knowledge (Oh et al., 2020). This claim was supported by two tasks in which Non-Māori-Speaking New Zealanders: (i) Distinguished real words from phonotactically matched non-words, suggesting lexical knowledge; (ii) Gave wellformedness ratings of non-words almost indistinguishable from those of fluent Māori speakers, demonstrating phonotactic knowledge.Oh et al. (2020) ran these tasks on separate participants. While they hypothesised that phonotactic and lexical knowledge derived from the proto-lexicon, they did not establish a direct link between them. We replicate the two tasks, with improved stimuli, on the same set of participants. We find a statistically significant link between the tasks: Participants with a larger proto-lexicon (evidenced by performance in the Word Identification Task) show greater sensitivity to phonotactics in the Wellformedness Rating Task. This extends the previously reported results, increasing the evidence that exposure to a language you do not speak can lead to large-scale implicit knowledge about that language.
  • ItemOpen Access
    ‘Making Cuts that Matter’ in Social Work: A Diffractive Experiment with Trauma-informed Practice
    (2023) Tudor R
    Recently Feminist New Materialism has emerged as a field that questions the capability of critique to offer substantive change and calls for more affirmative forms of criticality which add to, rather than subtract from, alternate ways of living in the world. This ‘affirmative turn’ is an emerging influence in social work where it is taken up to disrupt human-centred notions of agency and engage with the non-human and more-than-human relations that make up the material-social world. This paper adds to this work, utilizing Karen Barad’s concept and method of diffraction to critically engage with trauma-informed practice, a current popular approach in social work that draws on neuroscience and social theory. Specifically, diffraction is used to put neuro-trauma theory into conversation with Extended Emotion theory, and through reading the insights they offer, re-configure trauma-informed social work as situated, embodied, relational practices for making differences that matter in the world. This example also suggests what diffraction makes possible for social work as an onto-ethical mode of affirmative critique.
  • ItemOpen Access
    A case for resurrecting lost species. Review essay of Beth Shapiro’s, “How to Clone a Mammoth: The Science of De-extinction”
    (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2016) Campbell, Douglas
    The title of Beth Shapiro’s ‘How to Clone a Mammoth’ contains an implicature: it suggests that it is indeed possible to clone a mammoth, to bring extinct species back from the dead. But in fact Shapiro both denies this is possible, and denies there would be good reason to do it even if it were possible. The de-extinct ‘mammoths’ she speaks of are merely ecological proxies for mammoths—elephants re-engineered for cold-tolerance by the addition to their genomes of a few mammoth genes. Shapiro’s denial that genuine species de-extinction is possible is based on her assumption that resurrected organisms would need to be perfectly indistinguishable from the creatures that died out. In this article I use the example of an extinct New Zealand wattlebird, the huia, to argue—contra Shapiro—that there are compelling reasons to resurrect certain species if it can be done. I then argue—again, contra Shapiro—that synthetically created organisms needn’t be perfectly indistinguishable from their genetic forebears in order for species de-extinction to be successful.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Conflict in a Crowded Sea: Risks of Escalation in the South China Sea
    (2023) Tan, Alex
    Since the Russian-Ukraine War began in February 2022, speculation about the possibility of China attacking Taiwan has been rife in recent months. Several US and Taiwanese officials, including US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and Taiwan’s foreign minister Joseph Wu, have voiced concerns about China’s enhanced military capabilities and the possibility of China invading Taiwan as early as 2025 or 2027. However, while the world’s attention remains fixated on the Taiwan Strait, concurrent developments in the South China Sea (SCS) indicate that the possibility of the SCS becoming a flashpoint should not be ignored.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Where do we stand when we know? Reflections on mātauranga Māori and its translation as “science.”
    (2021) Mika, Carl
    A current concern in Aotearoa (New Zealand) centres on the relationship of mātauranga Māori to science. Mātauranga Māori is often defined as Māori knowledge, and thus debates have ensued around whether there are disciplines of mātauranga Māori that can be deemed scientific. In what follows, I limit the discussion to both mātauranga Māori and science as they adopt contrasting stances (other possible words are “orientation” or “tendency” – in Māori, “whakaaro”). Both disciplines are broad and I am aware that there is a complexity to both, such that there is no single agreed-on definition for either. “Stance” seeks to encompass this breadth, and expands the discussion from methods, observations, research findings, and so on, to a more fundamental one which is especially important to mātauranga Māori: an emotional commitment to relating to things in the world in a particular way. As the British philosopher Matthew Ratcliffe has put it, “a shift in stance involves a kind of affective transformation of the world” and different stances “do at least comprise dispositions towards certain kinds of questions, arguments and positions”.
  • ItemOpen Access
    China’s Conundrum and the Pottery Barn Rule
    (2023) Vanvari N; Tan, Alex
  • ItemOpen Access
    Reflections on post‐pandemic university teaching, the corresponding digitalisation of education and the lecture attendance crisis
    (Wiley, 2023) Uekusa, Shinya
    This short commentary discusses effective university teaching in the context of the pandemic, the corresponding digitalisation of tertiary education, and the recent lecture attendance crisis. By critically reflecting on my own experience as a university educator and as a student in a teacher education course, I suggest that the attendance crisis presents an opportunity to explore effective teaching in a rapidly changing context. To improve our teaching and learning, we can reflect on what students and teachers have gone through and seek to understand who our students are.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Andrei Sen-Senkov and the Visual Poetics of the Global Commonplace
    (2022) Pavlov, Evgeny
    This article considers the visual poetics of the prominent contemporary Russian poet and poetry translator Andrei Sen-Senkov whose work is examined through the Deleuzian lens as a prime example of rhizomatic poetry. Senkov’s poetics is that of the commonplace: working with cultural cliches, and primarily visual material, it embeds very private concerns within a global matrix, with astounding and often theoretically challenging results.