UC Research Repository

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The UC Research Repository collects, stores and makes available original research from postgraduate students, researchers and academics based at the University of Canterbury.

 

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ItemOpen Access
The history of Canterbury as expressed in its buildings
(1932) Sayers, Charles Herbert
the life of a people finds expression in its buildings,this thesis constitutes a modest attempt on the part of the author to view the growth of the province of Canterbury from what, to the historian, is perhaps a new angle. From the new vantage ground, it may be that we shall see such features as the standards of living,the persistency of tradition, the trend of modern ideas,and above all the standard of values of the people,a little more clearly than would be possible from other viewpoints. At the outset the author wishes to disclaim any suggestion that this is a history of the provincial architecture. Such a project would be quite beyond the scope of a work of this size, and would necessitate in many cases a different selection of examples. In the school and domestic architecture, it is true, the architectural development has been traced, but only with the object of demonstrating the development of new ideas and influences. In such cases truly typical examples have been selected. In other cases, such, for example as the modern office building, the example is hardly typical, but is selected because it shows very clearly the trend of certain modern ideas.
ItemOpen Access
Cyclic Heat Transfer Solver for OpenFOAM
(OpenCFD Ltd, 2023) Coe, Michael; Holland, Daniel
Channels with periodically repeating geometries are often simulated using periodic or cyclic boundary conditions. By calculating the temperature and flow field in one periodic module, the resulting distributions can be generalized to multiple modules. This reduces the computational load by simulating a single module versus the whole structure. This is a particularly useful approach when performing large optimisation studies of periodic geometries, such as compact heat exchangers. Currently, OpenFOAM only supports cyclic boundary conditions for pressure and momentum, but not heat transfer. The present work introduces a steady and an unsteady solver for cyclic heat transfer with constant wall temperature boundary conditions. The solver is validated against analytical Hagen-Poiseuille flow and two configurations of periodic wavy channels. In the latter case, the results are compared to existing literature.
ItemOpen Access
The development and validation of a nationwide dataset of water distribution zones in Aotearoa New Zealand: A cross-sectional geospatial study
(Elsevier BV, 2023) Puente-Sierra, M; Chambers , T; Marek, Lukas; Broadbent, J M; O'Brien, B; Hobbs, Matt
The reliable supply of safe drinking water is vital for the health of human populations. Despite this, there is no consistent nationwide spatial dataset of water distribution zones (WDZ) for Aotearoa New Zealand (A-NZ). The purpose of this data article is to describe the development and validation of a consistent nationwide dataset of WDZ across A-NZ. We obtained spatial data from all 67 district and city councils through: 1) information requests between 2021 and 2023; 2) the Ministry of Health and; 3) the Institute of Environmental Science and Research. Data were modified to improve the spatial accuracy of the WDZ using auxiliary data on the building footprints (Land Information New Zealand) and the drinking water reticulation (WSP & councils). We estimated the population served by each WDZ through spatial linking to meshblock-level data provided by Statistics New Zealand (meshblocks are the smallest administrative geographic unit in A-NZ). The dataset will be useful to provide insights into the extent of the publicly-owned drinking water assets in A-NZ and is essential for the accurate exposure assessment in epidemiological research investigating the impact of drinking water quality on human health.
ItemOpen Access
Empowering community control over alcohol availability as a suicide and self-harm prevention measure: Policy opportunity in Aotearoa New Zealand
(Elsevier BV, 2022) Boden , J; Hetrick S, S; Bowden, N; Fortune, S; Marek, Lukas; Theodore, R; Ruhe, T; Kokaua, J; Hobbs, Matt
One of the most pressing issues in public health in Aotearoa New Zealand (NZ) is our rate of suicide and self-harm, particularly among young people.1,2 The 2018 New Zealand Government Inquiry into Mental Health and Addiction recognised the challenge of reducing these rates, and raised the important issue of the role of alcohol and other substance use in increasing suicide risk.
ItemOpen Access
Anti-racism commitment in early childhood education: The limits of cultural competency
(SAGE Publications, 2023) Azarmandi M, Mahdis; Delaune, Andrea; Surtees, Nicola; Te Rongopatahi, Kari Moana
Racism is pervasive in education in Aotearoa New Zealand, including in early childhood education. The preparedness of early childhood teachers to respond to the Ministry of Education's current anti-racism policy direction is a pressing concern. This is particularly the case, given the early childhood curriculum Te Whāriki: He whāriki mātauranga mō ngā mokopuna o Aotearoa offers little guidance to support early childhood teachers to develop anti-racism pedagogies. This primarily theoretical article seeks to contribute to dialogue with early childhood teachers about both racism and anti-racism pedagogies. The theoretical arguments advanced in the article focus on document analysis of Te Whāriki. Analysis includes consideration of the themes of inclusion, equity and social justice. It also includes consideration of what these themes might imply about expectations for early childhood teachers’ uptake of anti-racism approaches in their practice. Document analysis is supplemented by limited preliminary survey data drawn from the initial findings of the Anti-racism Commitment in Early Childhood Education: Pathways to Inclusion, Equity and Social Justice (ARC-ECE) study. Drawing from race-critical scholarship to further advance the theoretical arguments, the article highlights tensions in early childhood teachers’ understandings about racism. The limits of narrow definitions of racism that explain it as the result of ‘cultural difference’ are explored. In making a case for thinking beyond cultural competence and culturally responsive practice, the article calls for an immediate rethinking of racism in (and beyond) the sector.