Human-Robot Collaboration: A Literature Review and Augmented Reality Approach in Design
NASA’s vision for space exploration stresses the cultivation of human‐robotic systems. Similar systems are also envisaged for a variety of hazardous earthbound applications such as urban search and rescue. Recent research has pointed out that to reduce human workload, costs, fatigue driven error and risk, intelligent robotic systems will need to be a significant part of mission design. However, little attention has been paid to joint human‐robot teams. Making human‐robot collaboration natural and efficient is crucial. In particular, grounding, situational awareness, a common frame of reference and spatial referencing are vital in effective communication and collaboration. Augmented Reality (AR), the overlaying of computer graphics onto the real worldview, can provide the necessary means for a human‐robotic system to fulfill these requirements for effective collaboration. This article reviews the field of human‐robot interaction and augmented reality, investigates the potential avenues for creating natural human‐robot collaboration through spatial dialogue utilizing AR and proposes a holistic architectural design for human‐robot collaboration.