A Longitudinal Analysis of Children’s Mathematical Word Problem Solving by Using Tablet PC-Based Support for the Metacognitive Skill Known as Self-Explanation (2018)
The purpose of the study was to examine the efficacy of self-explanation for helping elementary school children solve mathematical word problems through tablet PC-based support over one year and a half. Ninety-two fifth grade students received training and testing lasting into the sixth grade. The students solved worked-out examples for twenty minutes once a week in five two-week training sessions. They completed a word problem test at the end of each session. The results showed that all of the students gradually solved more word problems correctly after training than before. We classified students in the training condition into three groups according to the patterns of their test scores from an initial pretest and a first mathematical word problem test. Students in the upper group, who had consistently higher scores, appropriately generated a correct drawing and self-explanation of their solution processes and used inferences well. Some of the students in the middle group, who were gradually increasing their scores, also generated a correct drawing and self-explanation and used inferences well. Most students in the lower group, who had consistently low scores, did not generate a correct drawing and self-explanation and did not use inferences at first, but correctly drew inferences after receiving feedback. Self-explanation as a metacognitive skill is discussed.
CitationNeumann E, Tajika H, Nakatsu N, Kato H, Fugitani T, Hotta C, Nazaki H (2018). A Longitudinal Analysis of Children’s Mathematical Word Problem Solving by Using Tablet PC-Based Support for the Metacognitive Skill Known as Self-Explanation. Bulletin of Kobe Shinwa Women’s University: Graduate School of Literature. Bulletin of Kobe Shinwa Women’s University: Graduate School of Literature. 1-10.
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ANZSRC Fields of Research17 - Psychology and Cognitive Sciences::1701 - Psychology::170110 - Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
17 - Psychology and Cognitive Sciences::1701 - Psychology::170109 - Personality, Abilities and Assessment
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