Epidemiology of dental caries among adolescents in Tamil Nadu, India (2016)
Type of ContentJournal Article
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury. School of Health Sciences
Economic and dietary changes in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu have led to compromised oral health status of the adolescent population. Adequate epidemiological data are not available to address the prevention or treatment needs in this region of India. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence and severity of dental caries among adolescents of Tamil Nadu, a southern state of India.
The study sample included 974 adolescent school students (12–15 years of age) from both rural and urban areas of Tamil Nadu, India. The decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index of these students was measured using the World Health Organization oral health survey method, in a quantitative cross-sectional study.
The oral health survey indicated that the prevalence of dental caries among adolescents in rural and urban areas of Tamil Nadu was 61.4%, with an average DMFT score of 2.03. Multiple regression analyses indicated factors such as gender, mother's education, type of school and caste as significant predictors of dental caries.
Female gender, Scheduled Caste and Tribes attending public schools in rural areas were identified as the more vulnerable populations to be affected by dental caries. Oral health policies should be targeted to these adolescent populations in the Tamil Nadu region.
CitationVeerasamy, A., Kirk, R., Gage, J. (2016) Epidemiology of dental caries among adolescents in Tamil Nadu, India. International Dental Journal, (2016).
This citation is automatically generated and may be unreliable. Use as a guide only.
KeywordsPrevalence of dental caries; Severity of dental caries; Thanjavur; Chennai; oral health survey
ANZSRC Fields of Research11 - Medical and Health Sciences::1105 - Dentistry::110599 - Dentistry not elsewhere classified
Rights"This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Veerasamy, A., Kirk, R., Gage, J. (2016) Epidemiology of dental caries among adolescents in Tamil Nadu, India. International Dental Journal, (2016), which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/idj.12216. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Area-level deprivation, childhood dental ambulatory sensitive hospitalizations and community water fluoridation: evidence from New Zealand Hobbs, Matthew; Wade, A.; Jones, P.; Marek, Lukas; Tomintz, Melanie; Sharma, K.; McCarthy, J.; Mattingley, B.; Campbell, Malcolm; Kingham, Simon (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019)Background: We examined the association between area-level deprivation and dental ambulatory sensitive hospitalizations (ASH) and considered the moderating effect of community water fluoridation (CWF). The hypothesis was ...
Veerasamy A; Gage J; Kirk, RC (2017)Introduction: Children and young people in India have a high prevalence of dental decay. As part of a broader epidemiological study we interviewed 10 head teachers to understand the status of, and challenges to, inclusion ...
Cigarette smoking among university students aged 18-24 years in New Zealand: Results of the first (baseline) of two national surveys Wamamili, Ben; Wallace-Bell, Mark; Richardson, Ann; Grace, R.C.; Coope, Pat (BMJ, 2019)Objectives: Although the smoking prevalence continues to decline in New Zealand (NZ) overall, little is known about smoking in university students. A 2013 survey of students aged 17-25 years found that 14% were current ...