Contributions to modelling of internet traffic by fractal renewal processes.
Type of content
The principle of parsimonious modelling of Internet traffic states that a minimal number of descriptors should be used for its characterization. Until early 1990s, the conventional Markovian models for voice traffic had been considered suitable and parsimonious for data traffic as well. Later with the discovery of strong correlations and increased burstiness in Internet traffic, various self-similar count models have been proposed. But, in fact, such models are strictly mono-fractal and applicable at coarse time scales, whereas Internet traffic modelling is about modelling traffic at fine and coarse time scales; modelling traffic which can be mono and multi-fractal; modelling traffic at interarrival time and count levels; modelling traffic at access and core tiers; and modelling all the three structural components of Internet traffic, that is, packets, flows and sessions. The philosophy of this thesis can be described as: “the renewal of renewal theory in Internet traffic modelling”. Renewal theory has a great potential in modelling statistical characteristics of Internet traffic belonging to individual users, access and core networks. In this thesis, we develop an Internet traffic modelling framework based on fractal renewal processes, that is, renewal processes with underlying distribution of interarrival times being heavy-tailed. The proposed renewal framework covers packets, flows and sessions as structural components of Internet traffic and is applicable for modelling the traffic at fine and coarse time scales. The properties of superposition of renewal processes can be used to model traffic in higher tiers of the Internet hierarchy. As the framework is based on renewal processes, therefore, Internet traffic can be modelled at both interarrival times and count levels.