Farm-level vulnerability to climate change in the Eastern Bay of Plenty, New Zealand, in the context of multiple stressors (2011)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameDoctor of Philosophy
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury. Geography
Climate change research is undergoing a monumental shift, from an almost exclusive focus on mitigation, and the reduction of greenhouse gases, to adaptation, and identifying the ways in which nations, communities and sectors might best respond to the reality of a changing climate. Vulnerability assessments are now being employed to identify the conditions to which socio ecological systems are exposed-sensitive and their capacity to adapt. Work has been conducted across a range of geographical locations and systems as diverse as healthcare and mining. There are however, few examples of analyses incorporating an assessment of the multiple climatic and non-climatic stressors to which agricultural producers are exposed.
This thesis examines farm-level vulnerability to climate change of agricultural producers from the Eastern Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. The study area has a diverse agricultural economy, founded upon pastoral farming (dairy and drystock) and kiwifruit. This dependence on agricultural production, and the likely influence of expected changes in climatic conditions in the future provided a unique setting in which to develop a place-based case study exploring vulnerability to future climatic variability and change. Using a mixed methods approach, including semi-structured interviews and temporal analogues, a conceptual framework of farm-level vulnerability was developed and applied. The application of the framework was conducted through an empirical study that relied on engagement with and insights from producers who identified current exposure-sensitivity and adaptive capacity. It is shown that pastoral farmers and kiwifruit growers are exposed-sensitive to a range of climatic and non-climatic conditions that affect production, yields and farm income and returns. It demonstrates that producers have in turn, developed a range of short- and long-term adaptive strategies in order to better manage climatic conditions. It shows that these responses are varied, and are not made in response to climatic conditions alone, illustrating the need to consider other, multiple stimuli. An assessment of future vulnerability is presented, based on the empirical work and the identification of those drivers of vulnerability that are likely to be of concern and that will shape the capacity of farmers and growers to respond to climatic variability and change. The thesis as a whole not only provides a place-based case study on the vulnerability of farmers and kiwifruit growers in eastern New Zealand, but also demonstrates the need to engage with producers in order to develop an understanding of the complex ways in which climatic conditions interact with non-climatic stimuli beyond the farm-gate to influence vulnerability to climatic variability and change, both now and in the future.
Keywordsclimate change; vulnerability; adaptation; Bay of Plenty
RightsCopyright Nicholas Andrew Cradock-Henry
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Potential impact of ash eruptions on a dairy farms from a study of the effects on a farm in eastern Bay of Plenty, New Zealand; implications for hazard mitigation Wilson, T.M.; Cole, J.W. (University of Canterbury. Geological Sciences., 2007)This paper investigates the impact ash fall would have on dairy farming, based on a study of ‘Tulachard’, a dairy farming operation at Rerewhakaaitu, North Island, New Zealand. It includes analysis of the potential effects ...
Potential roles for coastal protected areas in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation: a case study of dune management in Christchurch, New Zealand Orchard, Shane (IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, 2014)Dunes provide a range of benefits for coastal hazard management. This includes protection from erosion, inundation, and storm surge events, and may include disaster risk reduction benefits in large magnitude events. However, ...
Investigating the adaptability of New Zealand’s vineyard areas to changing climate using a multi-scale approach Sturman A; Quénol H; Powell S; Soltanzadeh I; Zawar-Reza P; Bonnardot V (2011)Grape vine growth and hence the wine industry are highly sensitive to variations in weather and climate. A collaborative international research programme is underway to investigate this sensitivity, and to help develop ...
Local Implications of Globally Restricted Mobility: A study of Queenstown’s vulnerability to peak oil and climate change Walsh, Tim (University of Canterbury. Geography, 2011)This thesis employs a case study approach to investigate local implications of globally restricted mobility by examining Queenstown’s vulnerability to peak oil and climate change. Qualitative research methods are the ...
Development of advanced weather and climate modelling tools to help vineyard regions adapt to climate change Sturman A; Agnew R; Bonnardot V; Gendig E; Katurji M; Parker A; Phillipe F; Powell S; Quenol H; Schulmann T; Soltanzadeh I; Trought M; Zawar-Reza P (2015)
Resilient shorelines : earthquake effects on sea levels and their implications for conservation and climate change. Orchard, Shane (University of Canterbury, 2020)Coastal margins are exposed to rising sea levels that present challenging circumstances for natural resource management. This study investigates a rare example of tectonic displacement caused by earthquakes that generated ...