Advances in the Green Synthesis of Microporous and Hierarchical Zeolites: A Short Review
Hierarchical zeolites have been extensively studied due to their enhancement of intra-crystalline diffusion, which leads to the improved catalytic activity and resistance to coking-deactivation. Traditional synthesis strategies of hierarchical zeolites via post-treatment or directing synthesis with the aid of mesoporous template are often characterized by high energy consumption and substantial use of expensive and environmentally unfriendly organic templates. In the recent decade, new green synthesis protocols have been developed for the effective synthesis of conventional and hierarchical zeolites. In this review, the latest advancements on the green synthesis of hierarchical zeolites are summarized and discussed in detail.