and filmic media. Then, 10 years after the
unification, spread the so-called Ostalgie, or nostalgia for the GDR without any political connotation, but with a retrospective appreciation for the few and modest advantages of socialism (especially solidarity as opposed to competition). But the real meaning of this Ostalgie was the affirmation of an original identity that recovered a different image space consisting of the old East-German imaginary mixed with the hopes and disappointments of the western affluent society. In fact, the best Ostalgie-movies were written and shot by directors born and living in West-Germany.