Exploring the Underlying Motivations of the Antarctic Scientists of the Heroic Age.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree LevelPostgraduate Certificate
Degree NamePostgraduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies
Scientific discovery in the Heroic Age of Antarctic exploration, the ten years commencing1907, was extremely demanding and carried great risk. The working conditions of thescientists within the expedition teams led by Shackleton, Charcot, Shirase, Filchner,Mawson, Scott, and Amundsen varied greatly. Scott ran a comprehensive scientific institute,appointing a capable team of scientists, encouraging ongoing scientific pursuit with regularlecture series and providing the necessary logistical support, alongside his sporting pursuits.Charcot and Mawson led expeditions purely for scientific purposes. Shackleton and Charcoteach endeavoured to provide a similar science setting to Scott's, but were limited bygeographical challenges and personnel issues. The scientists who travelled with Amundsenor with Shirase worked in comparative isolation, but achieved notable scientific work. In allinstances, the scientists themselves were highly motivated for scientific discovery inextreme conditions. The accolades, publishing opportunities and financial gain that mayhave come to them after the expeditions were not the main source of their motivation forundertaking such work. It was the work itself, the extreme environment it existed in, andthe people they were working alongside, which collectively provided the main motivationfor the scientists to explore within the Antarctic expeditions of the Heroic Age.
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