Seismic pounding of adjacent multiple-storey buildings considering soil-structure interaction and through-soil coupling
Thesis DisciplineCivil Engineering
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameDoctor of Philosophy
Structural pounding may be defined as the collisions occurring between adjacent dynamically excited structures which lack a sufficient separation gap between them. Extensive theoretical and experimental studies have been conducted to investigate this phenomenon. However, the majority, if not all, of these studies fail to consider the flexibility of the soil upon which these structures are constructed. This study aims to investigate the degree of approximation inherent in previous pounding studies which neglected this important feature. In this study, two aspects of soil flexibility effects on dynamic structural response were investigated: the influence of the supporting soil properties on the individual structures (soil-structure interaction) and the through-soil interaction between the foundations of the adjacent structures.
Two structural configurations of reinforced concrete moment-resistant frames were considered: the case of two adjacent twelve-storey frames and the pounding of a twelve- and six-storey frames. Four cases of external excitation were investigated: two actual earthquake records applied from two directions each. A nonlinear inelastic dynamic analysis software package developed at the University of Canterbury has been utilized in this study. Suitable numerical models were developed for the through-soil interaction phenomenon and for the structures, which were designed in accordance to the relevant New Zealand design codes. Soilstructure interaction was represented by means of existing models available in the literature. Various separation gaps were provided and the results were compared with the no pounding case. Storey-level impacts only were considered. The pounding response in which soil flexibility was accounted for was compared to the fixed base response for each of the separation gaps incorporated in this study.
A high variation in the results was witnessed, indicating the significance of consideration of soil flexibility effects. In addition, the importance of excitation direction was highlighted in this study. The relative storey accelerations were more dependent on the characteristics of the excitation rather than on the magnitudes of the impact forces. Recommendations were proposed which aim towards the generalization of the results of this study.