The emergence of gender differences in depression (1996)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Science
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
One of the most consistent and robust findings in the literature on depression is that after early adolescence, females are approximately twice as likely to be depressed as males. This gender difference in rates of depression is not apparent among preadolescent children. Three main models have been proposed to account for the emergence of gender differences in depression. Model 1 posits that the risk factors associated with depression are the same for males and females and these risk factors become more prevalent in females at early adolescence. Model 2 proposes that the risk factors associated with depression are different for males and females and that only the risk factors associated with depression in females increase at early adolescence. Finally, model 3 proposes that the risk factors associated with depression are the same for males and females, however, preadolescent females are more likely to carry the risk factors associated with depression. It is not until these risk factors interact with the challenges of early adolescence that the gender difference in depression emerges. To date no studies have been conducted to specifically test each of these models, rather, researchers have focused on examining specific variables, thought to be associated with the emergence of gender differences in depression. In this thesis a detailed and critical examination of this research is conducted and each of the three models are evaluated to determine how well they account for the research findings. Definitional, conceptual and methodological issues confronting researchers in this area are also addressed and the epidemiological research on depression in children and adolescents is critically reviewed. It is concluded that model 3 provides a better account of the research to date and is a more fruitful theoretical framework for further investigation of the emergence of gender differences in the depression.
KeywordsDepression in adolescence--Sex differences; Depression in children--Sex differences.
RightsAll Rights Reserved
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Gender differences in neuropsychological functioning of New Zealand adolescents with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rucklidge, J.J. (University of Canterbury. Psychology., 2006)Only recently have studies included a female Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) sample when investigating neurocognitive functioning of individuals with ADHD. As such, the generalisability of findings of ...
An investigation of gender difference in four year old children's visual art experiences at kindergarten : research project report. Martin-Mckenzie, Justine (University of Canterbury. School of Educational Studies and Human Development, 2004)This study investigates whether what children make and/or create in the visual art area of collage/construction is influenced by their gender and whether children's gender makes them play differently. The purpose of the ...
Perceptions Of Siblings Relationships In Middle Childhood And Their Effects Of Adolescent Anxiety And Depression. Pope, Loralee (University of Canterbury. Psychology, 2006)Experiencing sibling conflict is a fact of life for most children, and this study investigates which form of sibling conflict is more likely to lead to adjustment difficulties such as anxiety and depression. Questionnaires ...