Exploratory Salt Water Experiments of Balcony Spill Plume Using Laser Induced Fluorescence Technique (1998)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Engineering in Fire Engineering
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering
Alternative TitleFire Engineering Research Report 98/07
This report investigates the potential of applying salt water modelling using the Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) flow visualisation technique to study balcony spill plume phenomena. A 1120 scale perspex model was used to conduct a series of salt water experiments. The testing parameters include two balcony settings (125mm and 250mm in model scale) and two spilling densities (0.5% and 1.0% of salt by weight). Through the study, results showed that good flow visualisation could be achieved using the LIF technique. The main advantage of using the salt water modelling technique was the ease in modifying the model's geometry or testing conditions. These modifications would not result in huge changes in the data acquisition systems as in either the full or small scale fire tests. The smoke layer within the compartment was simulated by the injection of a saline layer. By doing this, a quantitatively correct counter flow at the doorway was achieved, as in the real fire situation. This method also provided greater control over the injected flow and the flow was found to be repeatable. From the results obtained, it was found that there was a small degree of entrainment at the rotational region of the balcony spill plume. It was also observed that the presence of the soffit at the opening would result in significant entrainment into the underbalcony flow layer. Smoke logging on the upper balcony was found to be more severe with a shorter balcony than a longer balcony; this was due to the local deepening effect. The salt water results collected in this study could not be converted into the equivalent fire results at this stage. There are still many questions regarding the issue of scaling salt water results to full scale fire cases. Future research on the scaling laws needs to be done before the full potential of the salt water modelling technique could be utilised.
RightsCopyright Ee Hieng Yii
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Exploratory Salt Water Experiments of Balcony Spill Plume Using Laser Induced Fluoresence Technique Yii, Ee Hieng (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1998)This report investigates the potential of applying salt water modelling using the Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) flow visualisation technique to study balcony spill plume phenomena. A 1/20 scale perspex model was used ...
Physical scale modeling of smoke contamination in upper balconies by a channeled balcony spill plume in an atrium Tan, F.; Harrison, R.; Spearpoint, M.J. (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2010)Whether the balcony spill plume will rise unhindered as a free plume or curl inward and interact with the atrium structure is dependent upon a number of factors. Not all the factors are well investigated and wholly understood, ...
Physical Scale Modelling of Smoke Contamination in Upper Balconies by a Balcony Spill Plume in an Atrium Tan, Fabian (University of Canterbury, 2009)Whether the balcony spill plume will rise as a free plume or curl inwards towards the atrium structure is determinant upon a number of factors. Admittedly, not all the factors are well investigated and wholly understood, ...
Simulation of Smoke Contamination in Upper Balcony by a Channelled Balcony Spill Plume in an Atrium Ho, Chee Leong (University of Canterbury, 2010)This research project has studied commercial building atrium upper balcony smoke contamination due to a balcony spill plume using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) version 5.0. ...
The Balcony Spill Plume: Entrainment of Air into a Flow from a Compartment Opening to a Higher Projecting Balcony Harrison, R.; Spearpoint, M. (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering., 2007)In the design of smoke ventilation systems, a crucial input parameter for balcony spill plume calculations is the mass flow rate of gases at the spill edge. In some cases, depending upon the specific geometry, these ...
Harrison, R.; Spearpoint, M.J. (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering., 2006)This article examines various uncertainties relating to calculation methods for the balcony spill plume. The approach of physical scale modeling is used in the analysis. Comparisons are made between experimental results ...