Modern work-life balance : the role of differing ICT use. (2021)
Type of ContentTheses / Dissertations
Degree NameMaster of Science
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
Work-life balance is considered as one of the most important factors in life, being one of the most discussed subjects amongst workers. Technology, especially smartphones, are becoming increasingly necessary to use in the workforce. Through their increased use, there is evidence of a decay in the borders between work and life. Thus, the present study aims to examine whether daily changes in phone use would predict daily change in work-life conflict and enrichment, as concrete signs of work-life balance. This then investigated how other variables may moderate this relationship, and whether outcome variables such as burnout, positive and negative affect, job satisfaction, and stress were predicted by this change in work-life balance. To test this, I adopted a daily diary type study, where 29 participants completed an initial questionnaire and 7 questionnaires in a week. My findings here suggest that the interaction between phone use, acceptance of phone use, and work-life permeability are predictive of decreased work-life conflict, which then predicts lower levels of burnout, job satisfaction, and negative affect. This may imply that phone use, when you are comfortable with its use, is more beneficial than not. This is especially true when paired with high work-life permeability. Contributions to the field of work-life and organisational psychology are discussed, and future directions for research are discussed.