Now showing items 21-40 of 98

    • Comparison Studies of Zone and CFD Fire Simulations 

      Lovatt, André (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1998)
      Comparisons between the results of zone and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) fire model simulations have been made; the zone model used was FAST (Peacock et al., 1997) and the CFD model used was SOFIE (Welch and Rubini, ...
    • Exploratory Salt Water Experiments of Balcony Spill Plume Using Laser Induced Fluorescence Technique 

      Yii, Ee Hieng (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1998)
      This report investigates the potential of applying salt water modelling using the Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) flow visualisation technique to study balcony spill plume phenomena. A 1120 scale perspex model was used ...
    • Full-Scale Testing of Fire Suppression Agents on Unshielded Fires 

      Dunn, Michael J (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1998)
      A comparison is made between CAFS (compressed air Foam), HPD (High Pressure Discharge) and HPD with Class A Solution on unshielded post flashover compartment fires. Extinguishment was carried out by trained fire fighters ...
    • Class A Foam Water Sprinkler Systems 

      Hipkins, David B (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      Class A foam is often used in the suppression of wildland and structural fires, with manual application methods. This report examines the feasibility of utilising class A foam extinguishing medium in automatic wet pipe ...
    • An Analysis of Furniture Heat Release Rates by the Nordtest 

      Firestone, James (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This report analyses the small to full-scale prediction of the combustion behaviour of a series of Nordtest furniture specimens. This prediction analysis is based on Model I from the Combustion Behaviour of Upholstered ...
    • Design for Escape from Fire 

      Garrett, Ian J (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      Providing safe means of escape from fire requires more than just having a designated route out of a building. It is shown that the conditions relating to the fire, the building characteristics and the number, distribution ...
    • An Analytical Model for Vertical Flame Spread on Solids: An Initial Investigation 

      North, Gregory Allen (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      Fire statistics have shown that, during the period 1986-1997, approximately 75% of fires occurred within structures. One of the factors that determines the overall effect (severity) that these fires have, is the growth ...
    • Smoke Explosions 

      Sutherland, B J (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      Eleven experiments were conducted at the University of Canterbury using a 1.0 metre by 1.0 metre by 1.5 metre compartment and wooden crib fires. The main objective of these experiments was to produce smoke explosions, and ...
    • Heat Release and the Combustion Behaviour of Upholstered Furniture 

      Enright, Tony (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This work forms the first phase of a continuing initiative aimed at reducing fire deaths in residential dwellings in New Zealand (NZ). Loss of life in residential buildings dominates NZ annual fire death statistics. Few ...
    • Post-Flashover Design Fires 

      Feasey, R (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This report reviews the modelling of post-flashover fires and compares the various methods of predicting temperature versus time in post-flashover compartment fires, including the historical development of theoretical ...
    • Should Bedroom Doors be Open or Closed while People are Sleeping? 

      Palmer, Deborah L (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      Traditionally the New Zealand Fire Service has been giving the advice to the New Zealand public that it is safer to sleep with their bedroom doors closed. The advice given is not backed up by any technical evidence that ...
    • Effect of Safety Factors on Timed Human Egress Simulations 

      Crawford, Kenneth (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This report covers the effect of safety factors on the time taken for humans to escape a building where fire has initiated. Monte Carlo simulation is used to determine the probability of failure to escape in a given fire ...
    • Peoples Awareness of Fire 

      Rusbridge, Sarnia J (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      A sample group of the Christchurch population was interviewed to discover if there were any trends in fire awareness and fire knowledge that were related to background characteristics. A variety of methods were used to ...
    • The Effectiveness of the Domestic Smoke Alarm Signal 

      Duncan, Christine (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This research set out to determine if the signal from an inexpensive domestic smoke alarm is effective at providing early warning to a fire. An experiment was devised to investigate the effectiveness of the inexpensive ...
    • Reliability of Structural Fire Design 

      Wong, John Kee Sing (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      In general, because of the unpredictable nature of fire and the various uncertainties related, for example, to material properties at elevated temperature, the reliability of structural fire design can be justifiably ...
    • Fire Safety and Security in Schools 

      Carter, R A (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This report examines the historical and present situation in New Zealand regarding school fires and arson. The Ministry of Education has been installing combined security and smoke detection alarm system in schools since ...
    • A Review of the Building Separation Requirements of the New Zealand Building Code Acceptable Solutions 

      Clarke, James M W (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This report investigates the parameters that influence the boundary separation tables of the present New Zealand Building Code Acceptable Solutions. From an extensive literature review of theoretical and experimental ...
    • Review of the New Zealand Standard for Concrete Structures (NZS 3101) for High Strength and Lightweight Concrete Exposed to Fire 

      Inwood, Michael (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This report describes the thermal properties, strength, and elastic modulus of lightweight, normal, and high strength concrete at elevated temperatures. Section 6 (Design for Fire Resistance) of the New Zealand standard ...
    • Fire Response of HVAC Systems in Multistorey Buildings: An Examination of the NZBC Acceptable Solutions 

      Dixon, M J (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1999)
      It is recognised that smoke is the major killer in most fires. In buildings with mechanical heating, ventilation or air conditioning (HVAC) systems the traditional reaction to a fire was to shut the HVAC system down, ...
    • Fire Spread on Exterior Walls 

      Bong, Felix Nyuk Poh (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2000)
      This report describes methods of predicting heat flux exposure to external walls due to the impingement of flame issuing through a window opening. A heat transfer model was set up for the purpose of predicting the geometry ...