OGLE-2017-BLG-0537: A Microlensing Event with a Resolvable Lens in ≲5 years from High-resolution Follow-up Observations
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. We present an analysis of the binary-lens microlensing event OGLE-2017-BLG-0537. The light curve of the event exhibits two strong caustic-crossing spikes among which the second caustic crossing was resolved by high-cadence surveys. It is found that the lens components with a mass ratio ∼0.5 are separated in projection by ∼1.3 θE, where θEis the angular Einstein radius. Analysis of the caustic-crossing part yields θE= 1.77 ? 0.16 mas and a lens-source relative proper motion of μ=12.4 ± 1.1 mas yr?1. The measured μ is the third highest value among the events with measured proper motions and is ∼ 3 times higher than the value of typical Galactic bulge events, making the event a strong candidate for follow-up observations to directly image the lens by separating it from the source. From the angular Einstein radius combined with the microlens parallax, it is estimated that the lens is composed of two main-sequence stars with masses M1∼ 0.4 M⊙and M2∼ 0.2 Melocated at a distance of DL∼ 1.2 kpc. However, the physical lens parameters are not very secure due to the weak microlens-parallax signal, thus we cross-check the parameters by conducting a Bayesian analysis based on the measured Einstein radius and event timescale, combined with the blending constraint. From this, we find that the physical parameters estimated from the Bayesian analysis are consistent with those based on the measured microlens parallax. Resolving the lens from the source can be done in about 5 years from highresolution follow-up observations and this will provide a rare opportunity to test and refine the microlensing model.