Now showing items 21-40 of 17544

    • Forecasting game for brainstorming Antarctic futures 

      Shalev, Amit (2019)
      There is relatively little published work in Antarctic future studies. While future studies is a well-established field, its expansion to include polar research has been more limited, and with most of that focused on the ...
    • Antarctica marine AR: an augmented reality experience of the Ross Sea Marine Protected Area 

      Nassani, Alaeddin (2019)
      The Marine Protected Area of the Ross Sea has huge significance for the species protected. This report describes the development of an augmented-reality experience for this Marine Protected Area. The experience focuses on ...
    • Population dynamics of three emperor penguin colonies in the Ross Sea 

      Baxter, Charlotte (2019)
      Emperor penguins were found to be breeding in the Ross Sea region in Antarctica in 1902 and since then there has been monitoring of the 7 Ross Sea colonies, but this has been quite inconsistent. This paper provides data ...
    • Quantifying sea ice trends in the Southern Ocean: is extent or area the better measure? 

      Freer, Bryony (2019)
      This report presents an assessment of the relationship between sea ice area and extent measurements in the Southern Ocean, in order to scrutinise the significance of the reported trend of increasing Antarctic sea ice over ...
    • Understanding the drivers, motives and management of IUU Fishing in the Southern Ocean 

      Day, Thalia (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing has threatened the Southern Ocean ecosystem since the mid-1980’s. To mitigate IUU activities in the Convention Area, the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine ...
    • The ecological implications of a changing climate consequent to sea ice dynamics 

      Montie, Shinae (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      The literature encompassing climate change and its effects is relatively broad, however, it sparks dire concern with respect to the Antarctic and Southern Ocean ecosystem. Specifically, this review aims to highlight three ...
    • Meditations on ice: Antarctica’s impact on the human psyche 

      McBride, Sean (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      Antarctica elicits a strong spiritual response in tourists and visitors and these responses often include feelings of awe and humility. This paper examines theories that may explain this response. A comparison is made ...
    • Marine protected areas in the Southern Ocean: an assessment of efficacy. 

      Foster, Rose Nichol (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      Marine protected areas (MPAs) are used globally to protect threatened or at-risk species and ecosystems from exploitation. This report investigated how effective MPAs can be when used in the conservation of the Southern ...
    • Non-Invasive data capturing and identification methods of Antarctic Mega Fauna 

      Vijayaraghavan, Ramcharan (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      Climate change combined with an ever-increasing human footprint is strongly impacting the polar ecosystem. It has become imperative to collect more frequent and accurate data and at the same time monitor various species. ...
    • Ecosystem services 

      Pepperall, Neree; Shalev, Amit; Snodgrass, Joe (2019)
      Antarctic ecosystem services have begun to be assessed formally only in recent years and they have not been quantified or otherwise calculated in a comprehensive and consistent manner. This report summarises some of what ...
    • Exploring the future management of both harvesting and conservation of Southern Ocean Fisheries 

      Pepperall, Neree (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      The Southern Ocean has been exploited for its marine living resources for majority of its history. This history has provided many challenges for its ecosystem and species, some which are still recovering today. Due to the ...
    • Is the Antarctic Treaty System on thin ice? A review of the evidence 

      Gardiner, Natasha (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      Human engagement with the Antarctic is becoming increasingly complex, and the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) appears ill-equipped to address the challenges this poses. The most recent regulatory mechanism of the ATS, The ...
    • The winter-over syndrome and the potential lessons for space travel 

      Engel, Kamen (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      The isolating, confining, and extreme environment of Antarctica presents a number of psychological and physiological challenges and stressors to those who choose to stay over during the winter months. The winter-over ...
    • Changing dynamics, hydrology and methods of survey of the Byrd Glacier in East Antarctica 

      Snodgrass, Joe (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      The Byrd glacier has been subject to consistent measurement over the last ~50 years and shows the progression of surveying technology and analysation techniques used to study one of the more significant and (relatively) ...
    • Surface meltwater on Antarctic ice shelves: a canary in the mine? 

      Irvine, Henry (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      Ice sheet mass balance (and therefore sea-level contribution) is buttressed at its margins by the ice shelves. Across Antarctica, the stability of these ice shelves, on which this buttressing effect depends, is known to ...
    • The future of Antarctic governance 

      Day, Thalia; Freer, Bryony; Gardiner, Natasha; Irvine, Henry (2019)
      The Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) is now situated in a vastly changed environmental and geopolitical context from the one in which it was conceived and developed. Looking ahead, future trajectories for human activities in ...
    • The implications of 1.5°C global warming for the Antarctic 

      Baxter, Charlotte; Foster, Rose; Montie, Shinae; Nassani, Alaeddin (2019)
      A global increase in temperature of 1.5°C is predicted to have disastrous effects on ecosystems around the world, particularly in Antarctica. The implications of this global warming effect have been discussed at length in ...
    • Disease in Antarctic marine organisms 

      Baxter, Charlotte (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      Antarctic marine organisms are particularly vulnerable to disease introduction as they have been isolated on the continent and not evolved alongside many diseases. Therefore, they are unlikely to possess any defences for ...
    • Penguins in the popular imagination: the quest for new climate change metaphors 

      Ziemke-Dickens, Caroline F. (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      The human relationship with penguins started long before the first Europeans “discovered” them during the first Age of Exploration in the 15th and 16th centuries. Over time, human-penguin interaction evolved from exploitation ...
    • To what extent is there a mechanical coupling between Antarctic ice-shelves and sea-ice? 

      Freer, Bryony (University of Canterbury, 2019)
      Understanding the causes of recent trends in Antarctic ice shelves and sea ice is crucial for improving our modelling capabilities to predict the future state of the Antarctic Ice Sheet and its future contribution to sea ...