Sensitivity of predicted liquefaction-induced lateral displacements from the 2010 Darfield and 2011 Christchurch earthquakes (2013)
Type of ContentConference Contributions - Other
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering
Liquefaction-induced lateral spreading in Christchurch and surrounding suburbs during the recent Canterbury Earthquake Sequence (2010-2011) caused significant damage to structures and lifelines located in close proximity to streams and rivers. Simplified methods used in current engineering practice for predicting lateral ground displacements exhibit a high degree of epistemic uncertainty, but provide ‘order of magnitude’ estimates to appraise the hazard. We wish to compare model predictions to field measurements in order to assess the model’s capabilities and limitations with respect to Christchurch conditions. The analysis presented focuses on the widely-used empirical model of Youd et al. (2002), developed based on multi-linear regression (MLR) of case history data from lateral spreading occurrence in Japan and the US. Two issues arising from the application of this model to Christchurch were considered: • Small data set of Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and soil gradation indices (fines content FC, and mean grain size, D50) required for input. We attempt to use widely available CPT data with site specific correlations to FC and D50. • Uncertainty associated with the model input parameters and their influence on predicted displacements. This has been investigated for a specific location through a sensitivity analysis.
CitationRobinson, K., Cubrinovski, M., Bradley, B.A. (2013) Sensitivity of predicted liquefaction-induced lateral displacements from the 2010 Darfield and 2011 Christchurch earthquakes. Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering Annual Conference (NZSEE2013), 26-28 Apr 2013.
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ANZSRC Fields of Research40 - Engineering::4005 - Civil engineering::400502 - Civil geotechnical engineering
04 - Earth Sciences::0403 - Geology::040312 - Structural Geology
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Comparison of Actual and Predicted Measurements of Liquefaction-Induced Lateral Displacements during 2010 Darfield and 2011 Christchurch Earthquakes Robinson, K.; Bradley, Brendon; Cubrinovski, M. (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2012)The 4 September 2010 Darfield and 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquakes caused significant damage to Christchurch and surrounding suburbs as a result of the widespread liquefaction and lateral spreading that occurred. ...
Sensitivity of predicted liquefaction-induced lateral displacements from the 2010 Darfield and 2011 Christchurch earthquakes Robinson, K.; Cubrinovski, M.; Bradley, Brendon (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2013)The 2010 Darfield and 2011 Christchurch Earthquakes triggered extensive liquefaction-induced lateral spreading proximate to streams and rivers in the Christchurch area, causing significant damage to structures and lifelines. ...
Cubrinovski, M.; Bradley, Brendon; Wotherspoon, L.; Green, R.; Bray, J.; Wood, C.; Pender, M.; Allen, J.; Bradshaw, A.; Rix, G.; Taylor, M.; Robinson, K.; Henderson, D.; Giorgini, S.; Ma, K.; Winkley, A.; Zupan, J.; O'Rourke, T.; DePascale, G.; Wells, D. (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2011)The 22 February 2011, Mw6.2-6.3 Christchurch earthquake is the most costly earthquake to affect New Zealand, causing 181 fatalities and severely damaging thousands of residential and commercial buildings, and most of the ...