Slab Effects on Beam-Column Subassemblies - Beam Strength and Elongation Issues
This paper describes the effect of composite slabs in increasing beam strength and its implications for design. It also discusses the “beam-growth” phenomena, which can detrimentally influence the performance of a frame with reinforced concrete or precast concrete beams, and its impact on steel beams with RC slabs. From the subassembly testing conducted the slab increased the beam strength by around 40%. However the slab could not maintain strength at large drifts without degradation with transverse or longitudinal decking placed around the columns. This indicates that while transverse or longitudinal slabs should not be considered in design to size the beam, they should be considered in the beam overstrength calculations for the design of other members. Also, both rational considerations and experimental results 2 indicate that beam growth effects tend to be small for composite steel beams because the steel beams are able to yield in both tension and compression.