An Investigation into the Performance of Axial Flow Refrigerator Fans
Thesis DisciplineMechanical Engineering
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Engineering
This work was concerned with the aerodynamic and acoustic performance of small axial flow refrigerator fans. Relevant literature focusing on the principles of fan noise generation and fan system elements that contribute to noise generation was identified and discussed. A plenum chamber test rig was designed and constructed following ISO 10302-1.
A range of 200 mm diameter pressed aluminium Air-Drive fans, commonly used in commercial refrigerator systems, were evaluated using the test rig. It was found that the performance of these fans was highly dependent upon the impedance of the system in which they are installed. Indications of rotating stall under high load were observed and shown to significantly increase the noise output of the fan without greatly affecting the air moving capability. A series of novel colour map plots are presented, which allow for a visual interpretation of fan performance over a wide range of operating conditions.
A fanpack developed by Wellington Drive Technologies Ltd was evaluated. This fanpack was found to generate significant tonal noise. The design of the fanpack was evaluated and improvements are suggested. Prototype fans were developed from the fanpack based on promising concepts presented in the literature. The performance of four prototype fans was evaluated. The results were disappointing, but proof of concept was demonstrated.