Linear transceivers for MIMO relays
Thesis DisciplineElectrical Engineering
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMasters of Engineering
Relays can be used in wireless communication systems to provide cell coverage extension, reduce coverage holes and increase throughput. Full duplex (FD) relays, which transmit and receive in the same time slot, can have a higher transmission rate compared with half duplex (HD) relays. However, FD relays suffer from self interference (SI) problems, which are caused by the transmitted relay signal being received by the relay receiver. This can reduce the performance of FD relays. In the literature, the SI channel is commonly nulled and removed as it simplifies the problem considerably. In practice, complete nulling is impossible due to channel estimation errors. Therefore, in this thesis, we consider the leakage of the SI from the FD relay. Our goal is to reduce the SI and increase the signal to noise ratio (SNR) of the relay system. Hence, we propose different precoder and weight vector designs. These designs may increase the end to end (e2e) signal to interference and noise ratio (SINR) at the destination. Here, a precoder is multiplied to a signal before transmission and a weight vector is multiplied to the received signal after reception.
Initially, we consider an academic example where it uses a two path FD multiple input and multiple output (MIMO) system. The analysis of the SINR with the implementation of precoders and weight vectors shows that the SI component has the same underlying signal as the source signal when a relay processing delay is not being considered. Hence, to simulate the SI problem more realistically, we alter our relay design and focus on a one path FD MIMO relay system with a relay processing delay. For the implementation of precoders and weight vectors, choosing the optimal scheme is numerically challenging. Thus, we design the precoders and weight vectors using ad-hoc and near-optimal schemes. The ad-hoc schemes for the precoders are singular value decomposition (SVD), minimising the signal to leakage plus noise ratio (SLNR) using the Rayleigh Ritz (RR) method and zero forcing (ZF). The ad-hoc schemes for the weight vectors are SVD, minimum mean squared error (MMSE) and ZF. The near-optimal scheme uses an iterative RR method to compute the source precoder and destination weight vector and the relay precoder and weight vector are computed using the ad-hoc methods which provide the best performance.
The average power and the instantaneous power normalisations are the two methods to constrain the relay precoder power. The average power normalisation method uses a novel closed form covariance matrix with an optimisation approach to constrain the relay precoder. This closed form covariance matrix is mathematically derived using matrix vectorization techniques. For the instantaneous power normalisation method, the constraint process does not require an optimisation approach. However, using this method the e2e SINR is difficult to calculate, therefore we use symbol error rate (SER) as a measure of performance.
The results from the different precoder and weight vector designs suggest that reducing the SI using the relay weight vector instead of the relay precoder results in a higher e2e SINR. Consequently, to increase the e2e SINR, performing complicated processing at the relay receiver is more effective than at the relay transmitter.