Now showing items 1-20 of 98

    • An Analysis of Domestic Sprinkler Systems for use in New Zealand 

      Rahmanian, F. (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1995)
      This report evaluates the economics of domestic sprinkler systems in New Zealand. It includes a literature search, review and comparison of sprinkler codes around the world, costs and benefits of a domestic sprinkler system, ...
    • Full Scale Limited Ventilation Fireroom Fire Experiments 

      Millar, Darin John (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1995)
      The purpose of this project was to investigate the conditions that exist in a typical residential compartment fire when subject to limited ventilation. Emphasis was on the conditions that leads to a backdraft from natural ...
    • Full Residential-Scale Backdraft 

      Bollinger, Ivan (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1995)
      This project focused on the effects of scale on the backdraft phenomena. A full residential-scale compartment was constructed using a shipping container. An extensive amount of time and effort was taken, in order to design ...
    • Modelling Smoke Flow Using Computational Fluid Dynamics 

      Kardos, T N (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1996)
      There have been a number of experimental investigations into the backdraft phenomena. A backdraft occurs in the event of a ventilation source being formed in a compartment, within which a fire has been burning for a ...
    • An Investigation of the Effects of Sprinklers on Compartment Fires 

      Radford, M W (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1996)
      The effects of automatic sprinklers on compartment fires has been investigated in this report. The interaction of a sprinkler spray with a buoyant hot upper layer has also been examined. A model was developed to predict ...
    • Under-Ventilated Compartment Fires - A Precursor to Smoke Explosions 

      Parkes, Anthony Richard (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1996)
      Fourteen experiments were conducted at the University of Canterbury using a 1.0m x 1.0m x 1.5m compartment with liquid pool fires. They were conducted to experimentally study, in reduced scale, the conditions that exist ...
    • Mixing in Fire Induced Doorways Flows 

      Clement, J M (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1996)
      This report is a review of the mixing that occurs in fire induced gas flows through a doorway. The purpose of the report to provide a basis from which launch future experimental investigations. A detailed review is ...
    • The Influence of Non-Uniform Electric Fields on Combusion Processes 

      Belsham, M A (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1996)
      This report investigates the application of electric fields to flames and fires. An extensive literature review covers the empirical data available on the electric field effects on combustion characteristics. Authors ...
    • Improving the Waking Effectiveness of Fire Alarms in Residential Areas 

      Grace, T (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1997)
      The objective of this study is to find ways of improving the waking effectiveness of fire alarms mainly in residential areas. The main goal is to find out why fatalities are occurring when occupants are sleeping, by analysing ...
    • Study of Evacuation Movement Through Different Building Components 

      Holmberg, P (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1997)
      These experiments were conducted in order to obtain data on the walking velocities, twisting rates and flow rates in different building components. The building components studied were doorways and comers. An experiment ...
    • An Appraisal of Existing Room-Corner Fire Models 

      Robertson, D C (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1997)
      Four fire growth models used to model the effects of room-corner fires are appraised using data obtained from a series of experiments involving full scale corner fire testing with four different interior linings. The ...
    • Uncertainty Analysis of Zone Fire Models 

      Walker, A M (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1997)
      Zone fire models are used by practising engineers every day in New Zealand, yet the models have limitations, and the uncertainty of these models has not been well documented. Comparisons with experimental data are simply ...
    • Domestic Fire Hazard in New Zealand 

      Irwin, K D J (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1997)
      This report presents features of domestic fires within New Zealand over the period 1986 to 1994 inclusive. It consists of an analysis of the New Zealand Fire Incident Reporting System (FIRS) that the Fire Service completes ...
    • Sprinkler Trade Off Clauses in the Approved Documents 

      Barnes, G J (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1997)
      Sprinkler trade offs are clauses in the approved documents that allow various reductions in passive protection, maximum fire cell areas or maximum path lengths where an approved sprinkler system is present. Sprinkler ...
    • Fire Resistance of Light Timbered Frames Walls and Floors 

      Thomas, G C (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1997)
      The structural fire resistance of light timber frame walls and floors has traditionally been determined by using standard fire resistance tests to provide a Fire Resistance Rating (FRR). The required FRR was prescribed ...
    • New Zealand Building Regulations Five Years Later 

      Hubbard, Dennis B.; Pastore, Timothy M. (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1997)
      The objective of this Interactive Qualifying Project was to examine the educational system surrounding New Zealand's performance-based building code. This report addresses a basic history of the code and the associated ...
    • Risk Ranking of Buildings for Life Safety 

      Boyes, James (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1997)
      A risk assessment model has been developed in the form of a checksheet using a risk ranking system to assess the fire risk of buildings in terms of life safety. This involves a simple points system which assigns scores ...
    • Predicting Ignition Time Under Transient Heat Flux Using Results from Constant Flux Experiments 

      Henderson, Alistair (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1998)
      This project investigated if ignition could be mathematically predicted when a material is subjected to a transient heat flux. Six timbers commonly used in New Zealand for construction and indoor furnishing timbers were ...
    • The Impact of Post-Earthquake Fire on the Urban Environment 

      Botting, Russ (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1998)
      Major earthquakes are rare events in most countries but there have been cases in urban regions of fire following earthquakes. Its potential for growth and spread was again evident in the recent Northridge and Kobe ...
    • Bench Scale Testing of Light Timber Frame Walls 

      Olsson, Per Ake (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1998)
      Wood studs protected with gypsum plasterboards have been tested in the cone calorimeter to investigate the possibility of using a conical radiator to predict furnace behaviour for light timber frame walls. Other phenomena, ...