Now showing items 58-77 of 98

    • Heat Release and the Combustion Behaviour of Upholstered Furniture 

      Enright, Tony (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This work forms the first phase of a continuing initiative aimed at reducing fire deaths in residential dwellings in New Zealand (NZ). Loss of life in residential buildings dominates NZ annual fire death statistics. Few ...
    • Heat Transfer Programs for the Design of Structures Exposed to Fire 

      Mason, J E (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2000)
      The Finite Element Method was originally developed as a numerical method for stress analysis. It was very quickly applied to heat transfer analysis, and is now used for fluid mechanics, bio-mechanics, hydraulics, and many ...
    • Ignition Properties of New Zealand Timber 

      Ngu, Chu Kang (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2001)
      This project investigated the ignition properties of New Zealand Timbers and timber products. The ignition test on the wood was according to the British Standard BS 476: Part 13, 1987 using ISO ignitability apparatus. The ...
    • The Impact of Post-Earthquake Fire on the Urban Environment 

      Botting, Russ (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1998)
      Major earthquakes are rare events in most countries but there have been cases in urban regions of fire following earthquakes. Its potential for growth and spread was again evident in the recent Northridge and Kobe ...
    • Improving the Waking Effectiveness of Fire Alarms in Residential Areas 

      Grace, T (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1997)
      The objective of this study is to find ways of improving the waking effectiveness of fire alarms mainly in residential areas. The main goal is to find out why fatalities are occurring when occupants are sleeping, by analysing ...
    • Incorporating refuge floors in a network model : fire engineering research report : a project. 

      Glasgow, Daryn (University of Canterbury, 2012)
      The modern urban landscape in many of the world's largest cites is increasingly becoming the domain of tall, super-tall and mega-tall buildings. These present designers and architects with a myriad of unique and challenging ...
    • The Influence of Non-Uniform Electric Fields on Combusion Processes 

      Belsham, M A (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1996)
      This report investigates the application of electric fields to flames and fires. An extensive literature review covers the empirical data available on the electric field effects on combustion characteristics. Authors ...
    • Investigation of Recessed and Concealed Sprinklers Activation in Wind Tunnel Plunge Test and in BRANZFIRE Computer Model 

      Yu, Kevin Xin Jun (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2007)
      Installation of exposed fire sprinklers may cause inconvenience in areas where architectural and interior presentation is significant. In order to overcome this inconvenience, recessed and concealed sprinklers were created ...
    • An Investigation of the Effects of Sprinklers on Compartment Fires 

      Radford, M W (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1996)
      The effects of automatic sprinklers on compartment fires has been investigated in this report. The interaction of a sprinkler spray with a buoyant hot upper layer has also been examined. A model was developed to predict ...
    • Maintaining Fire-fighter Tenability in Unsprinklered Single-storey Industrial Buildings using Roof Venting 

      McDonald, Timothy Myles (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2012)
      Roof venting is often utilised in large warehouses to remove smoke in order to reduce damage to a building and its contents, and to maintain access for fire-fighters. In New Zealand, the Compliance Document for the New ...
    • Mixing in Fire Induced Doorways Flows 

      Clement, J M (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1996)
      This report is a review of the mixing that occurs in fire induced gas flows through a doorway. The purpose of the report to provide a basis from which launch future experimental investigations. A detailed review is ...
    • Modelling Smoke Flow Using Computational Fluid Dynamics 

      Kardos, T N (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1996)
      There have been a number of experimental investigations into the backdraft phenomena. A backdraft occurs in the event of a ventilation source being formed in a compartment, within which a fire has been burning for a ...
    • New Zealand Building Regulations Five Years Later 

      Hubbard, Dennis B.; Pastore, Timothy M. (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1997)
      The objective of this Interactive Qualifying Project was to examine the educational system surrounding New Zealand's performance-based building code. This report addresses a basic history of the code and the associated ...
    • Node Network Computer Modelling and a Simple Hand Calculation Compared with Contemporary High Rise Evacuation Case Study Data 

      Hay, Garth Stephen (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2012)
      Tall buildings are becoming more common in the modern built environment and the method of evacuating or moving to a place of safety using the stairs is still the primary means of egress. Typically designers use tools such ...
    • Numerical Modelling of Unchannelled Balcony Spill Plumes using using FDS 5 

      Tiong, Ho Yong (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2012)
      Currently there is limited design guidance for calculation that involves an unchannelled balcony spill plume. The current guidance for unchannelled spill plume can be obtained from CIBSE (TM19) and BS PD 7974 (Part 2). The ...
    • Peoples Awareness of Fire 

      Rusbridge, Sarnia J (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      A sample group of the Christchurch population was interviewed to discover if there were any trends in fire awareness and fire knowledge that were related to background characteristics. A variety of methods were used to ...
    • Performance of Gypsum Plasterboard Assemblies Exposed to Real Building Fires 

      Jones, Bevan (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2001)
      The performance of gypsum plasterboard assemblies is typically evaluated in accordance with standardised test methods such as BS476, AS1530 or ASTM E119. Standard time-temperature curves give good comparison between ...
    • Post-Flashover Design Fires 

      Feasey, R (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This report reviews the modelling of post-flashover fires and compares the various methods of predicting temperature versus time in post-flashover compartment fires, including the historical development of theoretical ...
    • Predicting Evacuation Time from Lecture Theatre Type Rooms 

      Xiang, Xiaoxing (Primo) (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2007)
      The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationships between the movement time, travel speed and occupant density during trial evacuations, particularly for theatre-type rooms. The study mainly focuses on crowd ...
    • Predicting Ignition Time Under Transient Heat Flux Using Results from Constant Flux Experiments 

      Henderson, Alistair (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1998)
      This project investigated if ignition could be mathematically predicted when a material is subjected to a transient heat flux. Six timbers commonly used in New Zealand for construction and indoor furnishing timbers were ...