Now showing items 77-96 of 98

    • Predicting Ignition Time Under Transient Heat Flux Using Results from Constant Flux Experiments 

      Henderson, Alistair (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1998)
      This project investigated if ignition could be mathematically predicted when a material is subjected to a transient heat flux. Six timbers commonly used in New Zealand for construction and indoor furnishing timbers were ...
    • The Prediction of Smoke Detector Activation Times in a Two-Storey House Fire through CFD Modelling 

      Saunders, Julie Ann (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2010)
      This report describes an investigation into the prediction of the activation times of domestic ionisation and photoelectric smoke detectors within a two storey dwelling, the work undertaken being an extension to that ...
    • A probabilistic comparison of times to flashover in a compartment with wooden and non-combustible linings considering variable fuel loads 

      Studhalter, Jakob (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2012)
      Prescriptive fire safety codes regulate the use of combustible room linings to reduce fire risk. These regulations are based on classification systems which designate materials according to their relative hazard when exposed ...
    • Reliability of Structural Fire Design 

      Wong, John Kee Sing (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      In general, because of the unpredictable nature of fire and the various uncertainties related, for example, to material properties at elevated temperature, the reliability of structural fire design can be justifiably ...
    • A Review of the Building Separation Requirements of the New Zealand Building Code Acceptable Solutions 

      Clarke, James M W (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This report investigates the parameters that influence the boundary separation tables of the present New Zealand Building Code Acceptable Solutions. From an extensive literature review of theoretical and experimental ...
    • Review of the New Zealand Standard for Concrete Structures (NZS 3101) for High Strength and Lightweight Concrete Exposed to Fire 

      Inwood, Michael (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      This report describes the thermal properties, strength, and elastic modulus of lightweight, normal, and high strength concrete at elevated temperatures. Section 6 (Design for Fire Resistance) of the New Zealand standard ...
    • Risk Assessment of Transformer Fire Protection in a Typical New Zealand High-Rise Building 

      Ng, Anthony Kwok-Lung (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2007)
      Prescriptively, the requirement of fire safety protection systems for distribution substations is not provided in the compliance document for fire safety to the New Zealand Building Code. Therefore, the New Zealand Fire ...
    • Risk Ranking of Buildings for Life Safety 

      Boyes, James (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1997)
      A risk assessment model has been developed in the form of a checksheet using a risk ranking system to assess the fire risk of buildings in terms of life safety. This involves a simple points system which assigns scores ...
    • Saltwater Modelling of Fire Gas Flow through a Horizontal Ceiling Opening 

      Le Quesne, Marcus Andrew (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2010)
      When fires occur in domestic or commercial buildings it is the smoke from the fire that leads to far more injury and death than the heat produced from the flames. Understanding the movement of smoke within the fire compartment ...
    • Should Bedroom Doors be Open or Closed while People are Sleeping? 

      Palmer, Deborah L (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      Traditionally the New Zealand Fire Service has been giving the advice to the New Zealand public that it is safer to sleep with their bedroom doors closed. The advice given is not backed up by any technical evidence that ...
    • Smoke Alarm Ownership in Relation to Socio-Economic Factors 

      Buchanan, Nick (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2001)
      This study focuses on smoke alarm ownership within Christchurch. Two different areas were selected, based on income levels. These two areas, Holmwood and Avon Loop, were then compared to determine if socio-economic factors ...
    • Smoke Explosion in Severally Ventilation Limited Compartment Fires 

      Chen, Nick (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2012)
      A smoke explosion is generally considered as a deflagration of the accumulated unburned fuel inside a closed compartment. However, the term smoke explosion has been widely misused for decades with a great deal of confusion, ...
    • Smoke Explosions 

      Sutherland, B J (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1999)
      Eleven experiments were conducted at the University of Canterbury using a 1.0 metre by 1.0 metre by 1.5 metre compartment and wooden crib fires. The main objective of these experiments was to produce smoke explosions, and ...
    • Sprinkler Trade Off Clauses in the Approved Documents 

      Barnes, G J (University of Canterbury. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 1997)
      Sprinkler trade offs are clauses in the approved documents that allow various reductions in passive protection, maximum fire cell areas or maximum path lengths where an approved sprinkler system is present. Sprinkler ...
    • Stability of Precast Concrete Tilt Panels in Fire 

      Lim, Linus C S (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2000)
      This report investigates the behaviour of slender cantilever concrete panels and concrete panels in steel frames exposed to elevated temperatures. This report also provides recommendations for the design of slender tilt-up ...
    • Standardising Design Fires For Residential and Apartment Buildings: Upholstered Furniture Fires 

      Young, Elizabeth Anne (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, 2007)
      This purpose of this research was to develop a credible set of furniture design fires for residential/apartment buildings and determine a methodology for incorporating compartment effects in design fires. Design fires ...
    • Statistical Analysis of Hospitality Industry Fire Experience 

      Chen, Tzu-Yin (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 2001)
      By their very nature as transient properties, the hospitality industry brings a large number of people together in unfamiliar surroundings. In this report, data collected by the New Zealand Fire Service were used to identify ...
    • Study of Evacuation Movement Through Different Building Components 

      Holmberg, P (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1997)
      These experiments were conducted in order to obtain data on the walking velocities, twisting rates and flow rates in different building components. The building components studied were doorways and comers. An experiment ...
    • Uncertainty Analysis of Zone Fire Models 

      Walker, A M (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1997)
      Zone fire models are used by practising engineers every day in New Zealand, yet the models have limitations, and the uncertainty of these models has not been well documented. Comparisons with experimental data are simply ...
    • Under-Ventilated Compartment Fires - A Precursor to Smoke Explosions 

      Parkes, Anthony Richard (University of Canterbury. Civil Engineering, 1996)
      Fourteen experiments were conducted at the University of Canterbury using a 1.0m x 1.0m x 1.5m compartment with liquid pool fires. They were conducted to experimentally study, in reduced scale, the conditions that exist ...