HF radar oceanography (1985)
AuthorsMcGregor, J. A.show all
The development of a 26MHz pulsed Doppler radar system for remote sensing of ocean surface conditions is described. This radar obtains Doppler spectra of echoes from ocean waves within the range 10-40 km from the shore. From these Doppler spectra it is possible to estimate oceanographic parameters such as sea state, wind speed, wind direction, radial components of current velocities and properties of swell. The work concentrates on the radar design principles and includes a detailed study of the effect of ground wave propagation conditions on the performance of radar systems of this type. Results obtained with the radar are discussed from the points of view of both the performance of the system and the oceanographic information contained in the Doppler spectra.