The transition from school to work of intending apprentices and current carpentry, joinery and hairdressing apprentices
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Arts
A study was made of the transition from school to work of intending apprentices and current apprentices. Thirty male and five female secondary school pupils, 153 male Joiners and Carpenters, and 129 female Hairdressers comprised the final group from whom completed questionnaires were obtained at school and at a Technical Institute. Major categories of topics covered in the questionnaires included school, reasons for career choice, influence of others in career choice, the apprenticeship, current employment, and Technical Institute courses. Most subjects expected (or found) work to be better than school, felt a real interest in the actual work was the most important reason for choosing a career, made an occupational choice through interest in the job, and felt themselves to have been the greatest influence in making the choice, thus supporting Tenen (1947), Jahoda (1949), Morse and Weiss (1955), Carter (1966), Maizels (1970), Keys (1926), Powel and Bloom (1962), and McEwan (1972). Career choice for most was made over a year before leaving school. The school had little influence in career choice, although female apprentices had relied on careers and guidance counsellors as their prime information source. Females tended to enter the apprenticeship through their own initiative while males did so through their parents' help. A need was evident for more frequent, comprehensive, and relevant pre-apprenticeship information, covering both positive and negative aspects of apprenticeships including such basic points as working conditions, study requirements, length of apprenticeship. More frequent checks on employers was also requested, particularly by hairdressers, to ensure correct and adequate training is being given and observance made of regulations governing meal and tea breaks. Finally, a comparison with other studies was followed by suggested improvements to the apprenticeship system.