An architecture of empire : The government buildings of John Campbell in New Zealand.
Thesis DisciplineArt History
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameDoctor of Philosophy
A study of the architecture of John Campbell (1857-1922), an architectural employee of the New Zealand Government between 1890 and 1922. Campbell's early designs in the ‘Queen Anne’ style are discussed and the increasing use of Baroque elements in his work is traced as he establishes a new government style of architecture throughout New Zealand, namely, Imperial Baroque. The buildings Campbell designed in that style are then discussed and the same search for a new government style traced in the design of one particular building type, post offices. Finally Campbell's designs for Parliament Buildings are discussed. Campbell emerges as an inventive and intuitive designer whose work, by virtue of its distinctively British character, is expressive of New Zealand's former status as a member nation of the British Empire.