Investigating the substrate specificity of 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate (DAH7P) synthase
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameDoctor of Philosophy
The shikimate pathway is a biosynthetic pathway that is responsible for producing a variety of organic compounds that are necessary for life in plants and microorganisms. The pathway consists of seven enzyme catalysed reactions beginning with the condensation reaction between D-erythrose 4-phosphate (E4P) and phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to give the seven-carbon sugar DAH7P. This thesis describes the design, synthesis and evaluation of a range of alternative non-natural four-carbon analogues of E4P (2- and 3-deoxyE4P, 3-methylE4P, phosphonate analogues of E4P) to probe the substrate specificity of different types of DAH7P synthases [such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis (a type II DAH7PS), Escherichia coli (a type Ialpha DAH7PS) and Pyrococcus furiosus (a type Ibeta DAH7PS)].