Incorporating Framing into SQL-Tutor
In this paper, we present our work on framing with the view of implementing it in an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS). The process of framing a learning activity, in our case problem solving, consists of having the activity in between a pre-action (or priming) phase and a post-action (or reflective) phase. In previous work, we found that simulated framing, in which the priming and reflection phases were led by a human teacher while the learning activity itself was performed in an ITS, significantly reduces learning time and requires less effort for similar gains. This paper presents the next stage of the project, in which the priming phase is implemented in the ITS. We performed a pilot study using the extended system, which resulted in the same trends as simulated framing.