Influence Of HF2V Damping Devices On The Performance Of The SAC3 Building Subjected To The SAC Ground Motion Suites
Recent advances in energy dissipation for structural systems can create structural connections that undergo zero sacrificial energy absorbing damage, even at extreme story drifts. However, questions exist around the ability of such structures to re-center after a major event. In this paper, the seismic performance of the as-designed SAC LA3 seismic frame with rigid moment connections at the beam ends is compared with the same frame using semi-rigid connections with high force-to-volume (HF2V) lead dissipators. Non-linear dynamic analysis is preformed using Abaqus™. With respect to re-centering, the presence of the gravity frames in the model is also considered. It was found that the placement of dissipators, ignoring the effect of gravity frames, caused a 12% increase in period due to the decreased stiffness of the connections. During design level ground shaking the semi-rigid connections with HF2V dissipators have slightly lower accelerations, up to an 80% increase in peak drift, and a 200% increase in the permanent displacement compared to the as-designed case, but no structural damage is expected. When gravity frames are considered, the floor accelerations decrease further, the peak displacements do not significantly change, but the residual storey drift ratios reduce to approximately 0.17%. This result is less than one half that of the as-designed frame, where typically gravity frame effects are not considered. The addition of braces with a stiffness 20% of the pushover stiffness ensures that the structures can re-center after any given event to within construction error. The realistic non-linear dynamic analyses combining HF2V lead dissipators with gravity frames and well-designed non-structural elements creates a system with almost no structural damage and low residual displacements.