Semi-active tuned mass damper building systems: Application
Seismic performance attributes of multi-story passive and semi-active tuned mass damper (PTMD and SATMD) building systems are investigated for 12-story moment resisting frames modeled as ‘10+2’ stories and ‘8+4’ stories. Segmented upper portion of the stories are isolated as a tuned mass, and a passive viscous damper or semi-active resetable device is adopted as energy dissipation strategy. The semi-active approach uses feedback control to alter or manipulate the reaction forces, effectively re-tuning the system depending on the structural response. Optimum TMD control parameters and appropriate matching SATMD configurations are adopted from a companion study on a simplified two-degree-of-freedom (2-DOF) system. Statistical performance metrics are presented for 30 probabilistically scaled earthquake records from the SAC project. Time history analyses are used to compute response reduction factors across a wide range of seismic hazard intensities. Results show that large SATMD systems can effectively manage seismic response for multi-degree-of freedom (MDOF) systems across a broad range of ground motions in comparison to passive solutions. Specific results include the identification of differences in the mechanisms by which SATMD and PTMD systems remove energy, based on the differences in the devices used. Additionally, variability is seen to be tighter for the SATMD systems across the suites of ground motions used, indicating a more robust control system. While the overall efficacy of the concept is shown the major issues, such as isolation layer displacement, are discussed in details not available in simplified spectral analyses, providing further insight into the dynamics of these issues for these systems.