On the Number of Independent Channels in a Diversity System
In a receive diversity system the use of multiple antennas at one end of the link produces multiple channels. A useful, although ill-defined, metric for such a link is the number of independent channels provided. In this letter we discuss several candidate metrics and compare their utility. We show that most of the metrics available in the literature have limitations and can exhibit non-physical behaviour. In order to improve on their performance, we develop two novel measures for the number of independent channels based on the statistical construction of the channel and channel capacity.