Investigating the relationship between spatial ability and feedback style in ITSs
Rapid and widespread development of computerised learning tools have proven the need for further exploration of the learners’ personal characteristics in order to maximise the use of the current technology. In particular, this paper looks at the potential of accounting for spatial ability in ERM-Tutor; a constraint-based tutor that teaches logical database design. Our evaluation study shows no conclusive results to support a difference in effectiveness of the textual versus multimedia feedback presentation modes with respect to the students’ spatial ability. However, we observed a number of trends indicating that matching the instruction presentation mode towards the students’ spatial ability influences their perception of the system and motivation to use it, more than their learning gain.