Multivariate analyses of the self concept with special reference to cross-cultural comparisons between New Zealand and Korea
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameDoctor of Philosophy
The patterns pf differences (Sex, Religion, Social Class and Education Level) in actual and ideal self concepts were compared between Korean and New Zealand young adults aged 16-24 attending high school or university. The factor structures of the both actual and ideal self concepts and the subjective changes (Past, Present and Future) in self concepts of these subjects were also studied and compared. A Self Concept Questionnaire devised by the author was used and was shown to be a considerable value in gathering data about self concepts. The data were analysed by a series of MANOVA and Principal Components Analyses. With a few exceptions in some analyses, the results revealed relatively clear patterns describing the nature of the self concepts of both Korean and New Zealand young adults. In the self concept of the Korean subjects, factors Sex and Religion were found to playa sig\lificant role, whereas for the New Zealand sample, factors Sex, Religion and Social Class were significant. Factors Education-Level and Time were found to affect both samples in similar ways. When the two cultures were compared in terms of the patterns of differences, they were more different than alike. The results from the factor analyses also showed greater dissimilarity in the factor structures of both the actual and ideal self concepts between the two cultural samples. However, the patterns of educational level and subjective changes in self concepts showed very similar trends.