Improved Hydrogen Production from Biomass Gasification in a Dual Fluidissed Bed Reactor
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Engineering
Biomass gasification is a technology under development that presents a means of generating hydrogen using renewable energy. While many forms of gasification have been investigated, steam gasification using a dual fluidised bed (DFB) reactor has been shown to efficiently produce high hydrogen content producer gas. The aims of this research were to increase the hydrogen yield from the 100kW DFB gasifier installed at the University of Canterbury, and thereby improve the current state of the art of gasifier operation.
Calcium carbonate-based minerals such as calcite and dolomite were shown to be able to improve hydrogen production by absorbing carbon dioxide in the producer gas, promoting the water gas shift reaction. Bed material mixtures of olivine and calcite were the most effective at improving gasifier performance, increasing producer gas yield by 20%, increasing cold gas efficiency by 6% and increasing hydrogen yield by 85%. In addition, the carbon monoxide content was reduced and the ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide in the producer gas was ideal for Fisher-Tropsch synthesis of liquid fuels.