Fendall's legacy : land, place and people in Fendalton, 1850-1950.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Arts
The name of Fendalton is very well-known. Situated north-west of Hagley Park, it is widely perceived as the most fashionable suburb of Christchurch. When and why Fendalton, in particular, achieved this status forms the framework of 'Fendall's Legacy'. Residential subdivision came relatively late to Fendalton, and the various reasons for this are explored as the second of three major themes throughout the thesis. The third development that I seek to identify over time is the 'Englishness' of the suburb. The main body of the thesis is divided into four chapters, with the addition of an introduction and conclusion. The 1850 starting point is valid, as Fendalton started with the Canterbury Settlement and owes its origin to the selection of Rural Section 18 by Walpole Cheshyre Fendall in February 1851. The hundred years of study, 1850 - 1950 is subdivided into four quarter centuries. There are some significant changes in Canterbury, and Fendalton in particular, that support this periodisation. Research on subdivision was focused on deeds records at Land Information New Zealand and property sales plans. Information about changes in the occupations of the increasing number of residents was derived from various sources, including parish records and street directories. Biographical details were drawn from such valuable resources as the G.R. Macdonald Biographies and the Cyclopedia, and from numerous memoirs. The general perception of Fendalton as fashionable and wealthy relies heavily on newspaper comment, notices and property sales advertisements. The extension of the tramway network into Fendalton ill 1907 encouraged subdivision and a noticeably increasing population. Major growth did not occur until the 1920s, at a time when fashions in architecture and landscape design ensured the appearance of the 'Englishness' of Fendalton. The public perception of Fendalton as the 'most fashionable suburb', was delayed until at least the 1930s and possibly beyond the Second World War.