Reinforcement Stability and Fracture of Cover Concrete in Reinforced Concrete Members
The main aim of this study is to propose simple and reliable method to predict the buckling length of longitudinal reinforcing bars and also to predict the spalling of cover concrete in reinforced concrete members. Stability analysis is conducted giving due consideration to both geometrical and mechanical properties of the longitudinal reinforcing bars and lateral ties. The tie stiffness required to hold longitudinal reinforcing bars in different buckling modes is derived from energy principles, and it is compared with actual tie stiffness to determine the stable buckling mode. The buckling length is computed as the product of the stable buckling mode and the tie spacing. The proposed buckling length determination method is experimentally verified for various cases. A design method for lateral ties to avoid buckling induced strength degradation is also recommended. The effect of lateral deformation of longitudinal bars is quantitatively evaluated and incorporated in the simulation of cover concrete spalling. Analytical prediction considering spalling and buckling according to the proposed methods showed better agreement with the experimental result.