Geotechnical Hazard representation for damage scenario and seismic risk analysis
Damage scenario and seismic risk analysis, along with the use of a GIS-environment to represent the results, are helpful tools to support the decision making for planning and prioritizing seismic risk management strategies. The common framework for developing seismic risk analysis and damage scenarios is based on the traditionally accepted definition of the seismic risk as a convolution of hazard, exposure and vulnerability. This paper focuses on the importance of an appropriate geotechnical hazard representation within a seismic risk analysis process. After an overview of alternative methods for geotechnical zonation available in literature, with a different level of refinement depending on the information available, examples of their implementation are provided with reference to a case study. Significant differences in terms of the resulting microzoning can be observed. It is worth noting that in such methods, the definition of the site effect amplifications does not account for the characteristics of the built environment, affecting the soil-structure interaction. Alternative methods able to account for either the soil conditions and the characteristics of the built environment have been recently proposed and are herein discussed. Within a framework for seismic risk analysis, different formulation would thus derive depending on both the intensity measure (i.e. macrose3ismic intensity or response spectra) and the vulnerability approach (i.e. macroseismic/observational or mechanical -based approach) adopted. In conclusion, an immediate visualization of the importance of the geotechnical hazard evaluation within a seismic risk analysis is provided in terms of the variation of the expected damage and consequence distribution.