Rate-1/2 component codes for nonbinary turbo codes
The iterative decoding structure and component maximum a posteriori decoders used for decoding binary concatenated codes can be extended to the nonbinary domain. This paper considers turbo codes over nonbinary rings, specifically ternary, quaternary, penternary, hexernary, and octernary codes. The best rate-1/2 component codes are determined using a practical search algorithm. The performance of the resulting rate-1/3 turbo codes on an additive white Gaussian noise channel using q-ary phase-shift keying modulation is given.