A Hierarchical and Georeferenced Approach for Freight Terminal Location
In this paper, we present the development and application of the integration of a decision-making technique (Analytic Hierarchy Process), GIS and Remote Sensing (RS) intending to establish a new approach for the determination of a freight terminal location. This new approach is necessary since traditional location theory is based on a particular hypothesis with a small number of location factors usually related to transport and labour costs, and logistic models just focus on the minimization of distances (costs) in the displacements. In opposition to these conceptions, we propose a hierarchical and georeferenced approach making possible a wider consideration of new variables and the participation of those involved in the decision. In this context, hierarchical stands for the levels of the decision structure using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), which corresponds to one’s understanding of the situation (goals, criteria, subcriteria and alternatives), and georeferenced is related to the use of information with a reference in a geographical space, respectively.