The Self-Organising Feature Map in the Detection of Epileptiform Transients in the EEG
A system is proposed which utilises Kohonen’s selforganising feature map (SOFM) to help detect the presence of epileptiform transients in the EEG. The system consists of a feature extractor, which employs a mimetic approach to detect candidate epileptiform transients (CETs) on individual channels in the multichannel recording, followed by a trained SOFM. The SOFM system is proposed as a single channel module of a larger system to detect multichannel epileptiform events by incorporating the outputs of sixteen such modules. The SOFM was trained with CETs obtained from 16-channel bipolar EEG segments of nine patients and fine-tuned through Kohonen’s learning vector quantisation technique (LVQZ). Measures of the sensitivity and specificity of the trained map were obtained by presenting a subset of CETs to the SOFM which had been graded by two to three electroencephalographers as being tme or false. The results obtained show that the trained SOFM has a sensitivity of 63% and a specificity of 79% for a 16x16 SOFM.