New Zealand shipping : a Marxist analysis.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Arts
In the thesis I attempt to analyse the present conflict surrounding the organisation and cost of the shipping link between New Zealand and its major markets, particularly the United Kingdom, Europe and North America. Liner shipping carries a little over 50 per cent of New Zealand's total export volume, although these exports do comprise the more valuable. proportion of the total. Liner shipping is organised mainly as cartels, or conferences as they are called in the shipping industry, and this system has come under increasing criticism from various sectors of the capitalist economy. As such the increasing cost of shipping and the "monopoly powers" of the shipping conferences are seen as major problems for New Zealand capitalism. In the thesis I employ Marxian methodology to analyse this conflict as a form of a general capitalist crisis. In other words, it is argued that the conflict is not a crisis in itself, but a manifestation of a deeper crisis. This involves analysis of the Conference system and its effects on New Zealand import and export industries. Thus capital accumulation in the shipping industry is examined in order to explain its effect on capital accumulation in other industries. By employing Marxian methodology I attempt to view the problem with a new perspective. So far as I am aware no similar study has been completed in New Zealand.