Enhancing the reconstruction process for road networks: opportunities and challenges for using Information Technology
Post-disaster reconstruction of roading networks is a notoriously complex task that involves prioritisation and allocation of resources, as well as extensive information gathering and sharing of information between the involved organisations. Advances in Information Technology (IT) have prompted various initiatives using simulators, damage scenario tools, Geographical information Systems (GIS) and Decision Support Systems (OSS) to assist post-disaster reconstruction preparedness. This paper presents a critical overview of how Information Technology was used in the reconstruction process of the road network in Southern California after the 1994 Northridge Earthquake and how international organisations cooperated with national and local organisations to support response and recovery to the 2004 Sumatra Earthquake and Tsunami. Both events are analysed in order to identify the driving criteria that have ruled the repair/reconstruction processes. Thus, opportunities and challenges to employ IT for roading organisations to support post-disaster reconstruction are discussed based on the analysis of real events previously mentioned.