Ngai Tahu development.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Arts
Marxian mode of production analysis is a way of examining the composition of a society. Using this methodology an analysis of Maori society focussing on the Ngai Tahu tribe has demonstrated inconsistencies in the model but also provided a coherent structure for historical analysis of European-Maori relations. The direct relationship of the ideological structure with the forces of production was found to be a feature of the pre-capitalist mode of production (PCMP). This represents a departure from the ideal model. It was also found that the relationship between capitalism and the pre-capitalist mode has varied through five distinct periods. The spatial economy of Ngai Tahu has changed accordingly. The precapitalist ideological structure endured assimilation and has been crucial in leading modem Maori development. Consequentially the contemporary articulation of the PCMP and the capitalist mode of production has led to the development of an emerging mode of production Communal Capitalism. This mode is characterised by local development articulated with pre-capitalist relations and represents a spatial expansion of the Ngai Tahu economy.