Now showing items 574-593 of 788

    • Quadratic Corrections to Harmonic Vibrational Frequencies Outperform Linear Models 

      Sibaev, M.; Crittenden, D.L. (University of Canterbury. Chemistry, 2015)
      Simulating accurate infrared spectra is a longstanding problem in computational quantum chemistry. Linearly scaling harmonic frequencies to better match experimental data is a popular way of approximating anharmonic ...
    • Quantifying the effect of mixing on the mean Age of Air in CCMVal-2 and CCMI-1 models 

      Dietmuller S; Eichinger R; Garny H; Birner T; Boenisch H; Pitari G; Mancini E; Visioni D; Stenke A; Revell LE; Rozanov E; Plummer DA; Scinocca J; Jockel P; Oman L; Deushi M; Kiyotaka S; Kinnison DE; Garcia R; Morgenstern O; Zeng G; Stone KA; Schofield R (2018)
      The stratospheric age of air (AoA) is a useful measure of the overall capabilities of a general circulation model (GCM) to simulate stratospheric transport. Previous studies have reported a large spread in the simulation of ...
    • Quarnet Inference Rules for Level-1 Networks 

      Huber KT; Moulton V; Semple C; Wu T (2018)
      © 2018, The Author(s). An important problem in phylogenetics is the construction of phylogenetic trees. One way to approach this problem, known as the supertree method, involves inferring a phylogenetic tree with leaves ...
    • Quasilocal energy and thermodynamic equilibrium conditions 

      Uzun, N.; Wiltshire, D.L. (University of Canterbury. Physics and Astronomy, 2015)
      Equilibrium thermodynamic laws are typically applied to horizons in general relativity without stating the conditions that bring them into equilibrium. We fill this gap by applying a new thermodynamic interpretation to ...
    • Quaternary structure is an essential component that contributes to the sophisticated allosteric regulation mechanism in a key enzyme from Mycobacterium tuberculosis 

      Jiao W; Blackmore NJ; Nazmi AR; Parker EJ (2017)
      The first enzyme of the shikimate pathway, 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase (DAH7PS), adopts a range of distinct allosteric regulation mechanisms in different organisms, related to different quaternary ...
    • Rates of meaningful change in the mental health of children in long-term out-of-home care: A seven- to nine-year prospective study 

      Tarren-Sweeney MJ (2017)
      Children residing in long-term out-of-home care have high rates of clinical-level mental health difficulties. However, the stability of these children’s difficulties throughout their time in care is uncertain. This paper ...
    • Re-conceptualising "Building Back Better" to Improve Post-Disaster Recovery 

      Wilkinson, S.; Mannakkara, S. (University of Canterbury. Vice-Chancellors Office, 2014)
      Statistics from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP, 2008) show an increase in the number of natural disasters over time attributing to growing populations, urban growth in risk-prone areas due to scarcity ...
    • Reanalyses of anomalous gravitational microlensing events in the OGLE-III early warning system database with combined data 

      Jeong, J.; Park, H.; Han, C.; Gould, A.; Udalski, A.; Szymanski, M.K.; Pietrzynski, G.; Soszynski, I.; Poleski, R.; Ulaczyk, K.; Wyrzykowski, L.; Abe, F.; Bennett, D.P.; Bond, I.A.; Botzler, C.S.; Freeman, M.; Fukui, A.; Fukunaga, D.; Itow, Y.; Koshimoto, N.; Masuda, K.; Matsubara, Y.; Muraki, Y.; Namba, S.; Ohnishi, K.; Rattenbury, N.J.; Saito, To.; Sullivan, D.J.; Sweatman, W.L.; Sumi, T.; Suzuki, D.; Tristram, P.J.; Tsurumi, N.; Wada, K.; Yamai, N.; Yock, P.C.M.; Yonehara, A.; Albrow, M.D.; Batista, V.; Beaulieu, J-P.; Caldwell, J.A.R.; Cassan, A.; Cole, A.; Coutures, C.; Dieters, S.; Dominik, M.; Dominis Prester, D.; Donatowicz, J.; Fouqué, P.; Greenhill, J.; Hoffman, M.; Huber, M.; Jørgensen, U.G.; Kane, S.R.; Kubas, D.; Martin, R.; Marquette, J.B.; Menzies, J.; Pitrou, C.; Pollard, K.; Sahu, K.C.; Vinter, C.; Wambsganss, J.; Williams, A.; Allen, W.; Bolt, G.; Choi, J.Y.; Christie, G.W.; DePoy, D.L.; Drummond, J.; Gaudi, B.S.; Hwang, K-H.; Jung, Y.K.; Lee, C-U.; Mallia, F.; Maoz, D.; Maury, A.; McCormick, J.; Monard, L.A.G.; Moorhouse, D.; Natusch, T.; Ofek, E.O.; Park, B-G.; Pogge, R.W.; Santallo, R.; Shin, I.G.; Thornley, G.; Yee, J.C.; Bramich, D.M.; Burgdorf, M.; Horne, K.; Hundertmark, M.; Kains, N.; Snodgrass, C.; Steele, I.; Street, R.; Tsapras, Y. (University of Canterbury. Physics and Astronomy, 2015)
      We reanalyze microlensing events in the published list of anomalous events that were observed from the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment (OGLE) lensing survey conducted during the 2004–2008 period. In order to check ...
    • Recombinant goose circoviruses circulating in domesticated and wild geese in Poland 

      Stenzel T; Dziewulska D; Muhire BM; Hartnady P; Kraberger S; Martin DP; Varsani A (2018)
      © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Circoviruses are circular single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) viruses that infect a variety of animals, both domestic and wild. Circovirus infection in birds is associated ...
    • Recombination hotspots and host susceptibility modulate the adaptive value of recombination during maize streak virus evolution 

      Monjane, A.L.; van der Walt, E.; Varsani, A.; Rybicki, E.P.; Martin, D.P. (University of Canterbury. Biological Sciences, 2011)
      Background: Maize streak virus -strain A (MSV-A; Genus Mastrevirus, Family Geminiviridae), the maize-adapted strain of MSV that causes maize streak disease throughout sub-Saharan Africa, probably arose between 100 and ...
    • Recombination in eukaryotic single stranded DNA viruses 

      Martin, D.P.; Biagini, P.; Lefeuvre, P.; Golden, M.; Roumagnac, P.; Varsani, A (University of Canterbury. Biological Sciences, 2011)
      Although single stranded (ss) DNA viruses that infect humans and their domesticated animals do not generally cause major diseases, the arthropod borne ssDNA viruses of plants do, and as a result seriously constrain food ...
    • Recombination patterns in aphthoviruses mirror those found in other picornaviruses 

      Heath, L.; van der Walt, E.; Varsani, A.; Martin, D. P. (University of Canterbury. School of Biological Sciences, 2006)
      Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is thought to evolve largely through genetic drift driven by the inherently error-prone nature of its RNA polymerase. There is, however, increasing evidence that recombination is an ...
    • Reducing beam hardening effects and metal artefacts using Medipix3RX: With applications from biomaterial science 

      Rajendran, K.; Walsh, M.F.; de Ruiter, N.J.A.; Chernoglazov, A.I.; Panta, R.K.; Butler, A.P.H.; Butler, P.H.; Bell, S.T.; Anderson, N.G.; Woodfield, T.B.F.; Tredinnick, S.J.; Healy, J.L.; Bateman, C.J.; Aamir, R.; Doesburg, R.M.N.; Renaud, P.F.; Gieseg, S.P.; Smithies, D.J.; Mohr, J.L.; Mandalika, V.B.H.; Opie, A.M.T.; Cook, N.J.; Ronaldson, J.P.; Nik, S.J.; Atharifard, A.; Clyne, M.; Bones, P.J.; Bartneck, C.; Grasset, R.; Schleich, N.; Billinghurst, M. (University of Canterbury. Biological SciencesUniversity of Canterbury. Computer Science and Software EngineeringUniversity of Canterbury. Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of Canterbury. Human Interface Technology LaboratoryUniversity of Canterbury. Mathematics and StatisticsUniversity of Canterbury. Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Canterbury. Physics and AstronomyUniversity of Canterbury. Biomolecular Interaction Centre, 2014)
      This paper discusses methods for reducing beam hardening effects using spectral data for biomaterial applications. A small-animal spectral scanner operating in the diagnostic energy range was used. We investigate the use ...
    • Regioselective synthesis of 1,3-thiazines by sequential 4-oxothiazolidine to 1,2-dithiole to 1,3-thiazine transformations: role of intramolecular non-bonded S...O interactions 

      Rašović, A.; Steel, P.J.; Kleinpeter, E.; Marković, R. (University of Canterbury. Chemistry., 2007)
      A new synthetic approach to 2,3-dihydro-4H-1,3-thiazine derivatives based upon reductive rearrangement of 1,2-dithiole-3-ylidene thiones has been developed. In turn, the 1,2-dithiole derivatives were prepared by an efficient ...
    • Regulations and Ethical Considerations for Astronomy Education Research 

      Brogt, E.; Dokter, E.; Antonellis, J. (University of Canterbury. University Centre for Teaching and LearningUniversity of Canterbury. AVC Research Office, 2007)
      In this article, we briefly outline and discuss the legal and ethical ramifications of doing astronomy education research, with an emphasis on the practical issues that researchers have to keep in mind when engaging in, ...
    • Regulations and Ethical Considerations for Astronomy Education Research II: Resources and Worked Examples 

      Brogt, E.; Dokter, E.; Antonellis, J.; Buxner, S. (University of Canterbury. University Centre for Teaching and LearningUniversity of Canterbury. AVC Research Office, 2008)
      This article discusses the legal and ethical requirements of human subjects research proposals in astronomy education research. We present an overview of the relevant laws, regulations, and guidelines that inform an ...
    • Regulations and Ethical Considerations for Astronomy Education Research III: A Suggested Code of Ethics 

      Brogt, E.; Foster, T.; Dokter, E.; Buxner, S.; Antonellis, J. (University of Canterbury. University Centre for Teaching and LearningUniversity of Canterbury. AVC Research Office, 2008)
      We present an argument for, and suggested implementation of, a code of ethics for the astronomy education research community. This code of ethics is based on legal and ethical considerations set forth by U.S. federal ...
    • Reinstating object-based attention under positional certainty: The importance of subjective parsing 

      Chen, Z.; Cave, K.R. (University of Canterbury. Psychology., 2006)
      Previous studies have shown that interference from flanking abstractors can be modulated by the object organization of the scene. The experiments reported here test for object-based attention under conditions of positional ...
    • Relational Characterisations of Paths 

      Berghammer R; Furusawa H; Guttmann W; Höfner P (2018)
      Binary relations are one of the standard ways to encode, characterise and reason about graphs. Relation algebras provide equational axioms for a large fragment of the calculus of binary relations. Although relations are ...
    • The Relationship Between Submental Surface Electromyography and Hyo-Laryngeal Kinematic Measures of Mendelsohn Maneuver Duration 

      Azola, A.M.; Greene, L.R.; Taylor-Kamara, I.; Macrae, P.; Anderson, C.; Humbert, I. (University of Canterbury. Communication Disorders, 2015)
      Purpose: The Mendelsohn maneuver (MM) is a commonly prescribed technique that is taught to individuals with dysphagia to improve swallowing ability. Due to cost and safety concerns associated with videofluoroscopy (VFS) ...