Phonemic awareness and decoding fluency in 8- to 9- year old normal progress and low progress readers.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Education
The aim of this study was to examine the claim that a certain level of phonemic awareness and a certain level of decoding fluency are necessary in order for reading skills to develop at a normal rate. Sixty-three children aged 8 years 6 months to 9 years 6 months who were either making normal progress or low progress in their rate of learning to read took part in the study Results indicated that there was no relationship between phonemic segmentation scores and rate of learning to read in the two reader groups. There was, however, a strong relationship between decoding fluency scores and rate of learning to read. All children in the Low Progress Group read less than 60 graphemes per minute. Twenty-six of the 31 Normal Progress Group read 60 or more graphemes per minute. Implications of these findings for educational practice are discussed.