Combining hyperthermia and ionising radiation: the cell killing effect on mouse leukaemia cells
Thesis DisciplineMedical Physics
Degree GrantorUniversity of Canterbury
Degree NameMaster of Science
Basic in vitro cell experiments were conducted on the P388 mouse leukaemia cell line to determine whether a supra-additive cell killing effect from combining hyperthermia with ionising radiation exists in the case of leukaemia. Methods were established to measure the cell kill, using a Coulter counter, from hyperthermia alone, radiation alone and several combined regimes. The cell kill from hyperthermia, in the range of 38-50 degrees for 30 minutes, 1 hour, 2 hours and 3 hours, and radiation, for 1, 3, 5, 9, 11 and 15 Gy was investigated. The approach used had various limitations, such as the underestimation of cell kill. Consistent trends, however, were found for the hyperthermia and radiation data, in accordance with the literature, which killed cells in a predictable manner. Subsequently, after other preliminary combined experiments were completed, the cell kill from both 5 and 11 Gy combined with hyperthermia at 43, 45 and 47 degrees for 2 hours were investigated. 5 Gy in combination with all levels of hyperthermia resulted in a direct additive cell killing effect. This, however, was not observed for 11 Gy in which a diminished effect was found. The overall level of cell kill from 5 Gy combined with hyperthermia was found to be equal, in the case of 43 degrees, or higher, as for 45 and 47 degrees, to that of those combined with 11 Gy. A supra-additive effect was not observed.