Level crossing rates for MIMO channel eigenvalues: implications for adaptive schemes
MIMO systems using adaptive transmission down the eigenchannels require the level crossing rate of the eigenvalues to compute adaptation rates and possibly feedback rates. Examples of such systems include MIMO systems using singular value decomposition (SVD) transmission. Similarly, the average fade durations of the eigenvalues give the average length of time that a particular constellation is used in adaptive modulation. Other systems which require the minimum eigenvalue to be above a certain threshold (for example, channel inversion) can also use these level crossing rates in system analysis. Hence, in this paper we derive approximate level crossing rates for the eigenvalues in the baseline case of an uncorrelated Rayleigh fading channel. Our results are remarkably accurate and compact and further improvements are also discussed.