Interspecies sustainable development : intersectional empathetic approaches to food and climate justice. (2019)
Type of ContentElectronic Thesis or Dissertation
Thesis DisciplinePolitical Science
Degree NameMaster of Policy and Governance
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
AuthorsEspiner, Éilis Roseshow all
As the global appetite for meat increases, animal agriculture intensifies and brings with it a whole array of problems for both human and nonhuman beings. Along with the question of animal ethics, intensive animal agriculture creates other social and environmental justice implications which infringe on human rights, namely its relationships with both food justice and sustainability; and climate change. Both humans and nonhuman animals are oppressed and exploited under the current food system. Animals are treated as commodities and exposed to systematic violence and domination by humankind. Yet the same power structures also oppress billions of humans across the globe. Billions of people today starve unnecessarily because land which could be used to grow plant food for humans is instead either used to graze animals or grow crops to feed to animals – most of which are consumed by the wealthy, Western world. My aim is to study and critique the so-called solutions to improving the current global food system, whilst exploring the intersections of human and nonhuman animal suffering which exist under it. By focusing on the second UN Sustainable Development Goal – ending world hunger - I theorise that “sustainable development” will fail to solve the problems it seeks to mend, and that we need a more holistic and empathetic approach that considers the lives of both humans and nonhuman animals in conjunction with each other and the environment.