Disease in Antarctic marine organisms (2019)
Type of ContentOther
Degree NamePostgraduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies
PublisherUniversity of Canterbury
Antarctic marine organisms are particularly vulnerable to disease introduction as they have been isolated on the continent and not evolved alongside many diseases. Therefore, they are unlikely to possess any defences for diseases and are at risk of negative effects from novel disease introduction. Disease transmission is being facilitated by human travel, migratory species and climate change. All three of these vectors are posing risks for disease introduction into all Antarctic organisms, from seals to sea stars. Current literature shows that there is already a wide diversity of diseases present in the Antarctic wildlife and this is due to the past, current and future effects of the three main vectors. Human travel and climate change are increasing and therefore are a concern for regulation whereas migratory species may be impossible to regulate. Much concern is given to the health of the Antarctic animals in the face of inevitable increased disease introduction. However, little concern is given to the possibility of endemic Antarctic diseases being transmitted to humans and the rest of the world. This review focusses on the current diseases present in Antarctic marine organisms and the main vectors of disease into Antarctica that need to be regulated where possible.
RightsAll Rights Reserved
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Innes, Rachel (University of Canterbury, 2016)Anthropogenic climate change resulting in warming of global oceanic temperatures will likely allow the entry of previously temperature-limited taxa onto the Antarctic shelf. Indigenous Antarctic shelf benthos have evolved ...
Li, Shangxiao (University of Canterbury. Chemistry, 1988)Primary screening of recent collections from the sea around New Zealand revealed a wide range of bioactivities, including antitumour, antiviral and anti-HIV activities. Seven marine organisms, including sponges and an ...
Phipps, Richard K. (University of Canterbury. Chemistry, 2002)A large number of micro-organisms were cultured from marine substrates collected from multiple sites along the coast of the South Island of New Zealand. Depending on growth rate and colony morphology the micro-organisms ...